California Marijuana Strains

California marijuana plants are the beneficiaries of a geography that favors outdoor grows and the Golden State has championed some of the world’s finest cannabis strain genetics. OG Kush crosses flourish throughout the state, and today you’d be hard-pressed to find a strain that hasn’t been crossed with this illustrious hybrid.

California has always been a center for counterculture, and the California cannabis movement is no exception. This heritage lives on to this day, in the amazingly diverse selection of high quality California herbal remedies and weed strains. When it comes to California and weed, it’s well known that California bud is some of the best legal weed in the world. Long Live California ganja!

Blue Dream - Hybrid

  • The Blue Dream weed strain has a sweet berry smell and is a favorite for patients with pain, nauseousness and depression. This particular strain is a combination of indica (Blueberry) and sativa (Haze). Users can expect cerebral stimulation and thought-provoking conversations, but Blue Dream provides physical relaxation too. Consumers often say that Blue Dream gives them relief without drowsy side effects. The mild, reliable effects give gentle physical relief and mental stimulation.

Girl Scout - Hybrid

  • This California native has sprinted its way to fame in recent years, gobbling up awards left and right for its potency. Itself a descendent of OG Kush, GSC (a.ka. Girl Scout Cookies)is given an extra sativa lift from a Durban Poison parent. In masterful balance of soaring euphoria and deeply relaxing physical effects, it’s no wonder that GSC ranks #2 in the California market.

Sour Diesel – Sativa

  • Sour Diesel, also sometimes known as “Sour D,” is a sativa dominant California marijuana strains blended with about 10% of indica. This strain is about 26% THC –– a relatively high concentration –– so it is an ideal strain for experienced cannabis users. Because of its heavy sativa consistency, the Sour Diesel cannabis strain is all about mental stimulation. Many users report using this particular strain to handle depression, anxiety, and to counteract exhaustion. Sour Diesel is a great California marijuana strain for boosting energy. For that reason, many choose to smoke this California cannabis strain before a period of intense activity. In terms of flavor and aroma, sour diesel is a weed strain that is definitely unique. Many consumers report a smooth smoking experience, with a slight citrusy taste, like a lemon or lime. This is where the “sour” term in the name originates from. As for diesel, that’s all about the smell. This strain has a powerful smell, so it might not be the best for discrete usage.

OG Kush – Hybrid

  • OG Kush, the flagship strain of California genetics, ranks #4 among its top strains. Reviewing this list, however, you’ll notice many of the forerunners are bred using OG Kush genetics. Countless other hybrids not mentioned here also contain OG genetics, so much so that you can attach “OG” to the end of almost any strain name and assume that some California breeder has already made it. OG Kush phenotypes are also marketed under a variety of monikers, many of which play off celebrity names and pop culture references.

Green Crack – Sativa

  • People in California love this stimulating sativa for its ability to relieve stress and fatigue while helping one focus, particularly during the day. Green Crack comes from Skunk #1 and an Afghani strain, and the flowers smell and taste like sweet, tangy fruit.

Jack Herer – Sativa

  • Jack Herer is the tried-and-true sativa you’d expect to find on any market’s top 13 list. Beautifully crafted genetics from Sensi Seeds give way to a balanced effect profile that promotes happiness, creativity, and an uplifting sense of energy. The name of the game with this California marijuana strain is balance. If you like being lucid with a mellow high, then Jack Herer might be the perfect California marijuana strain for you. While the origins of this strain are not entirely clear, many find this type of California weed strain excellent for depression.

Skywalker OG – Hybrid

  • Skywalker OG is a potent, pungent blend of OG Kush and Skywalker, and it has a famously earthy, sweet citrus flavor that's helped make it one of the most popular marijuana strains in California. This hybrid has a strong aroma of spicy herbs and diesel fuel and is known for providing pain relief.

Bubba Kush – Indica

  • An indica-dominant cross of (supposedly) Northern Lights and either an Afghani or OG Kush hybrid, Bubba Kush produces bulky flower buds that have a pungent aroma. It has a sweet, earthy taste and offers powerfully calming effects over body and mind alike. Bubba Kush has roots in California, so it’s not hard to imagine how this powerhouse indica carved a name for itself since its inception in the 90s. Earthy sweet aromas introduce tranquilizing mind and body effects, making this strain a perfect companion for lazy day relaxation or for a smooth transition into a restful night’s sleep.

Fire OG – Hybrid

  • The predominant OG family has another prestigious strain in California, and its name is Fire OG. A cross of different OG Kush phenotypes, Fire OG takes on a fiery appearance with vibrant orange hair stretching out from a bed of crystal resin.

San Fernando Valley OG – Hybrid

  • This California creation is one of the most popular strains of cannabis in the state, and its crystal-covered flowers are coveted for their ability to relieve pain without intense sedative effects. SFV (for San Fernando Valley) OG is a potent, sativa-dominant phenotype of the legendary OG Kush, and it offers earthy flavors of wood, lemons, and pine.

Granddaddy Purple - Indica

  • A product of cannabis classics Big Bud and Purple Urkle, Granddaddy Purple is one of the most popular marijuana strains in California. It's a potent indica that induces a relaxing body buzz and has the sweet flavor of mixed berries and grapes.

Gelato - Hybrid

  • One of the most popular marijuana strains in California is Gelato (AKA “Larry Bird”) which is a powerful blend of Thin Mint Girl Scout Cookies and Sunset Sherbet. Gelato is known for its fruity aroma and a sweet taste of berries, as well as its ability to relax the body while stimulating one's mind.

Jet Fuel - Hybrid

  • Jet Fuel is a sativa-dominant hybrid. It’s an excellent strain for blasting off with some incredibly creative thoughts, especially for experienced smokers. It’s a great strain to use right when you wake up in the morning to get ready for the day. Jet Fuel is also great for late nights. It’s heavy odor and piney flavor make it more skunky than the average weed strain on this list. Keep that in mind if you’re trying to be discreet. Many users report feeling relief from chronic pain and depression while using Jet Fuel.

California Cannabis and Effects

STRAIN & EFFECTCREATIVEENERGETICEUPHORICFOCUSEDHAPPYHUNGRYRELAXEDSLEEPYUPLIFTED
BLUE DREAMXXXXX
GIRL SCOUT COOKIEXXXXX
SOUR DIESELXXXXX
OK KUSHXXXXX
GREEN CRACKXXXXX
JACK HERERXXXXX
SKYWALKER OGXXXXX
BUBBA KUSHXXXXX
FIRE OGXXXXX
SFV OGXXXXX
GRANDDADDY PURPLEXXXXX
GELATOXXXXX
JET FUELXXXXX

If you want to get up-close-and-personal with California Cannabis Plants then Book a Happy Travelers Tour today!


Where is Weed Legal Now?

Here at Happy Travelers Tours we get asked this question frequently: “Is weed legal in California now?” and, of course, the answer is yes. However, we thought about it a bit more and started to ask ourselves, well, where IS weed legal in the United States now?

The winds of change are blowing

Who would have thought that 33 states would legalize either medical or recreational marijuana in our lifetimes? With the possibility of the entire country following in the footsteps of Canada perhaps one day we will see a shining sea of green growing from coast to coast!

Chart of States with legal weed

Below is our chart of States with legal weed, sorted by frequently searched questions. So, you might want to know is marijuana legal in Texas, or is weed legal in Nevada and now, all you have to do is check out our legal weed chart.

QuestionStateIs Medical Marijuana LegalIs Recreational Cannabis Legal
is marijuana legal in alaskaAKYesYes
is weed legal in alaskaAKYesYes
is pot legal in alabamaALNoNo
is weed legal in arkansasARYesNo
is marijuana legal in arkansasARYesNo
is weed legal in arizonaAZYesNo
is marijuana legal in arizonaAZYesNo
is pot legal in arizonaAZYesNo
is weed legal in californiaCAYesYes
is marijuana legal in californiaCAYesYes
is pot legal in californiaCAYesYes
is recreational weed legal in californiaCAYesYes
is weed legal in california nowCAYesYes
is weed legal in californiaCAYesYes
is recreational marijuana legal in californiaCAYesYes
is marijuana legal in california nowCAYesYes
is weed legal in california for recreational useCAYesYes
is marijuana recreational in californiaCAYesYes
is marijuana legal in coloradoCOYesYes
is pot legal in coloradoCOYesYes
is weed legal in connecticutCTYesNo
is weed legal in dcDCYesYes
is weed legal in washington dcDCYesYes
is marijuana legal in dcDCYesYes
is marijuana legal in washington dcDCYesYes
is pot legal in dcDCYesYes
is recreational weed legal in dcDCYesYes
is pot legal in washington dcDCYesYes
is weed legal in delawareDEYesNo
is weed legal in floridaFLYesNo
is weed legal in georgiaGANoNo
is marijuana legal in georgiaGANoNo
is medical marijuana legal in georgiaGANoNo
is weed legal in hawaiiHIYesYes
is marijuana legal in hawaiiHIYesYes
is pot legal in hawaiiHIYesYes
is weed legal in iowaIANoNo
is weed legal in idahoIDNoNo
is marijuana legal in idahoIDNoNo
is marijuana legal in illinoisILNoNo
is weed legal in illinoisILNoNo
is weed legal in chicagoILNoNo
is weed legal in indianaINNoNo
is marijuana legal in indianaINNoNo
is marijuana legal in kansasKSNoNo
is marijuana legal in kentuckyKYNoNo
is weed legal in kentuckyKYNoNo
is weed legal in louisianaLAYesNo
is marijuana legal in louisianaLAYesNo
is weed legal in new orleansLAYesNo
is marijuana legal in massachusettsMAYesYes
is weed legal in bostonMAYesYes
is weed legal in massMAYesYes
is marijuana legal in marylandMDYesNo
is weed legal in marylandMDYesNo
is weed legal in maineMEYesYes
is marijuana legal in maineMEYesYes
is weed legal in michiganMIYesYes
is marijuana legal in michiganMIYesYes
is weed legal in minnesotaMNYesNo
is marijuana legal in minnesotaMNYesNo
is weed legal in missouriMOYesNo
is marijuana legal in missouriMOYesNo
is marijuana legal in mississippiMSNoNo
is marijuana legal in montanaMTYesNo
is marijuana legal in montanaMTYesNo
is marijuana legal in north carolinaNCNoNo
is weed legal in north carolinaNCNoNo
is medical marijuana legal in north carolinaNCNoNo
is weed legal in ncNCNoNo
is medical weed legal in ncNCNoNo
is weed legal in north dakotaNDYesNo
is pot legal in nebraskaNENoNo
is marijuana legal in new hampshireNHYesNo
is weed legal in new hampshireNHYesNo
is marijuana legal in new jerseyNJYesNo
is weed legal in new jerseyNJYesNo
is marijuana legal in new mexicoNMYesNo
is weed legal in new mexicoNMYesNo
is marijuana legal in nevadaNVYesYes
is weed legal in nevadaNVYesYes
is weed legal in las vegasNVYesYes
is marijuana legal in las vegasNVYesYes
is weed legal in vegasNVYesYes
is recreational weed legal in nevadaNVYesYes
is pot legal in las vegasNVYesYes
is weed legal in new yorkNYYesNo
is weed legal in ohioOHYesNo
is marijuana legal in ohioOHYesNo
is medical marijuana legal in ohioOHYesNo
is medical weed legal in ohioOHYesNo
is weed legal in oklahomaOKYesNo
is weed legal in oregonORYesYes
is marijuana legal in oregonORYesYes
is pot legal in oregonORYesYes
is recreational weed legal in oregonORYesYes
is weed legal in paPAYesNo
is marijuana legal in pennsylvaniaPAYesNo
is weed legal in rhode islandRIYesNo
is weed legal in south carolinaSCNoNo
is marijuana legal in south carolinaSCNoNo
is weed legal in scSCNoNo
is cannabis legal in south dakotaSDNoNo
is marijuana legal in tennesseeTNNoNo
is weed legal in tennesseeTNNoNo
is weed legal in texasTXNoNo
is marijuana legal in texasTXNoNo
is pot legal in texasTXNoNo
is weed legal in utahUTYesNo
is marijuana legal in utahUTYesNo
is cannabis legal in virginiaVANoNo
is marijuana legal in virginiaVANoNo
is medical marijuana legal in virginiaVANoNo
is weed legal in vermontVTYesYes
is marijuana legal in vermontVTYesYes
is weed legal in washingtonWAYesYes
is marijuana legal in washingtonWAYesYes
is weed legal in seattleWAYesYes
is marijuana legal in washington stateWAYesYes
is weed legal in washington stateWAYesYes
is pot legal in washingtonWAYesYes
is weed legal in wisconsinWINoNo
is marijuana legal in wisconsinWINoNo
is marijuana legal in west virginiaWVYesNo
is weed legal in wyomingWYNoNo

If you want to get up-close-and-personal with cannabis plants and cannabis culture book a Happy Travelers Wine-and-Weed Tour today!


Sonoma County – an amazing place for Wine, Beer and Cannabis Tours

Most of us here at Happy Travelers Tours are Sonoma County born and raised and, as such, we have deep and well-established relationships with many of the folks in the Sonoma County Cannabis Industry. Taking a Happy Travelers Tours Wine-and-Weed Tour will put you up-close-and-personal with cannabis plants and the professionals who grow them.

Sonoma County is in Northern California

It's known for the Sonoma Valley wine region, as well as other notable winemaking areas such as the Dry Creek and Alexander valleys. It’s also home to countless Cannabis Grows and a burgeoning legal weed industry. The city of Sonoma is home to the 19th-century Mission San Francisco Solano and the central, colonial-era Sonoma Plaza. Near Glen Ellen, Jack London State Historic Park contains the gravesite and cottage of the American author, plus many trails.

In Sonoma County, there’s always a way to connect with the land. And with each other. Just 45 minutes north of San Francisco you can discover one of California’s top food and wine destinations. Hike among towering redwoods, cruise along rugged Pacific coastline and get to know inviting small towns. Or, just sit back and toke it all in. Life opens up in Sonoma County. Let us show you!

Northern Sonoma County

Do you want to spend an entire day in the Dry Creek Valley Wine Regional and Appellation, or maybe another of Sonoma County's 18 wine regions?

Perhaps you’re interested in visiting wineries, no matter the location, known for great Pinot Noir. Perhaps you’re looking for some locally produced Sonoma County Marijuana.

In general, a touring company specialist will listen to what you want and carefully and put together a tour that matches your desires. Give Happy Travelers Tours a call at 707-386-9859 and book one of our cannabis friendly Tours!

Southern Sonoma County

All of Sonoma County thrives on diversity however Southern Sonoma County seems to have just a bit more, from world-class wineries, breweries and cannabis grows to gourmet cheese makers and a world class race track.

The main grape growing regions here are Sonoma Valley and Carneros, where great Chardonnay, Pinot Noir, and various other varieties happily grow in the rolling vineyards.

The Sonoma Valley, including Moon Mountain and Mount Veeder, are known for their microclimates affects on the cannabis strains grown there. One day, the Sonoma Valley Cannabis appellation will be visible on packages of marijuana grown in this region.

Plan plenty of extra time for the lively wineries of Southern Sonoma County. Ledson Winery in Kenwood pours rich wines in a nightmare vision of a 17th century Castle, and Keller Estate Winery in Petaluma leverages the cooling breezes from the Petaluma Gap to make structured, elegant wines. Head over to the Lagunitas Petaluma Brewery for brewery tours and on-tap beers. While you’re in Petaluma, make an appointment for a tour of the Achadinha Cheese Company, or look for their farmstead cheeses at many local restaurants and farmers markets.

When you’re in the Sonoma Valley, book a Cannabis Tour with Happy Travelers Tours and visit a 1 acre mountain top cannabis grow where you can get up-close-and-personal with marijuana plants.

Sonoma County

Only 30 miles north of San Francisco’s Golden Gate Bridge, Sonoma County beckons the adventurous and the curious with more than 420 friendly wineries, farm-to-table restaurants, 40 spas, rivers to kayak or float down, Cannabis Tours, redwood forests to explore, boutiques and galleries that entice, and hiking and biking trails that meander over oak-covered hills.

With a mild Mediterranean climate, there is no bad time to visit Sonoma County. It’s a magical state of mind, a historic legacy, a leader in sustainable tourism, a home to California's beginnings, a mecca for the senses and a pastoral slice of paradise. The “sun grow” (or outdoor) cannabis season runs from late April to late October.

Come on up and take a tour, learn about the convergence of wine and weed and enjoying getting to know more about cannabis. You’ll learn the similarities between the process of growing wine grapes and outdoor cannabis flower.

You'll have a visit with a mobile retailer who’ll explain about the wide variety of cannabis products available. You’ll be able to browse and purchase items.

Sonoma County has no shortage of interesting things to do and see; tour companies offer everything from typical wine tasting tours, bird-watching excursions, guided nature walks and spa experiences. Now, thanks to Prop. 64, tourists and locals alike can add cannabis tours to their itineraries.

Just imagine the amazing experience of pairing fine wine and primo northern California cannabis in a fantastic adventure, in beautiful Sonoma Wine-and-Weed Country!


Terpenes, what the heck are Terpenes?

Terpenes (pronounced tur-peens), or terpenoids, are aromatic metabolites found in the oils of all plants.

There are more than 20,000 terpenes in existence and at least 100 produced by the cannabis plant. Terpenoid production evolved over time in plants, including cannabis, to attract pollinators and to act as defense compounds.

Common Cannabis Terpenes
Common Cannabis Terpenes

Female cannabis plants produce glandular trichomes, which are glands that look like small hairs or growths that protrude from the flowers and leaves. Trichomes house crucial compounds, including cannabinoids (such as THC and CBD), flavonoids, and terpenes.

When plants are handled delicately and the trichomes remain intact throughout collection and processing, you end up with excellent cannabis with strong and distinct flavors, colors, and smells.

To humans, terpenes act as natural guides to discovering which cannabis strains our endocannabinoid system is most likely to enjoy and gain a benefit from.

Terpene production is largely governed by abiotic factors such as temperature, humidity, and light intensity (think about the fragrant scents of flowers at night time), and these factors are synthesized in response to stress.

Some soups can smell rich and meaty, while others can be delicate with herbal notes. If you can tell the difference between a goulash and a gazpacho, excellent! Your senses of smell and taste are working.

What you’re sensing in meals, fruits, flowers, and even cleaning products are terpenes.

These organic compounds that give plants flavor and smell (and the reason you can tell a difference between a coconut and a raspberry) are present in cannabis flowers, too. So let’s dive into what terpenes really are, how they behave, and how you can make informed decisions about terpene profiles when buying and consuming medical cannabis.

Here’s The Deal:

One of the most fun aspects of being a cannabis consumer or patient is the ability to smell the array of fragrances that the plant’s flowers produce. With scents ranging from fruity aromas to cheese-like smells, the cannabis plant can require the consumer to develop a level of familiarity and expertise with its unique makeup. So what exactly is behind these fragrances that trigger such connections? And what is it that makes them so unique?

What’s In a Name?

First, the words terpenes and terpenoids are often used interchangeably, although the meanings do vary. Terpenes are the naturally occurring combination of carbon and hydrogen, whereas terpenoids are terpenes that have been modified through a drying and curing process (chemical modification), altering the oxygen content of the compound. And, then there's: Trichomes.

Trichomes and Terpenes, What you Need to Know

In cannabis, terpenes are made in the trichomes of the plant. Trichomes are the shiny, sticky, mushroom-shaped crystals that cover the leaves and buds. Trichomes on cannabis act as a defense mechanism in nature, protecting the plant from insects and animals through the production of fragrant terpenes that repel these dangers. As humans, we smell these terpenes and can make inferences about the strain and possibly physiological effects that the strain may have.

Cannabis is an incredibly diverse plant regarding its biological makeup and potential benefits — and terpenes – are no exception. There are over 100 different identified terpenes in the cannabis plant, and while the differences can be subtle, much progress has been made in making classification of terpenes and their effects easy for patients and consumers to understand. Broadly, terpenes can be broken down into sweet, sour, spicy, or bitter — with each category further breaking down into more specific smells. These specific smells consist with certain strains, which in turn correlate to the effects of that plant. In fact, to help with this., many companies have produced terpene wheels to better help people understand this.

How Terpenes Affect your Mood

Here’s an example: A sour-smelling flower may have a strong lemon scent to it. Lemon scented strains are often correlated with strains like lemon skunk or lemon haze; these are zesty sativas that give the consumer a boost of energy and euphoria. With a better understanding of terpenes and how they relate to the scents that you are experiencing, you are able to come to certain conclusions about the plant in front of you by simply smelling it.

Here are some examples of Terpenes and what they do:

TERPENEWHAT IT DOES
LimoneneYou may be more familiar with terpenes than you realize. Considering our lemon example above, do you know what terpene a lemon scent refers to? Limonene. Limonene is not only characteristic of citrus-smelling cannabis but it’s also the exact terpene found in lemons and other citrus fruit rinds, like oranges and limes, giving them that fruity smell. Among other products, limonene is commonly used as a fragrant additive in cosmetics and cleaning supplies.

Limonene is known for its powerful antifungal and antibacterial properties. It’s a natural insecticide on the cannabis plant and can even assist in treating toenail fungus in humans. Limonene is easily absorbed through inhalation and even improves absorption of other terpenes through the skin and body tissue, like mucous membranes and the digestive tract. Limonene is also known for its stress-relieving and mood-enhancing effects.
PineneCan you guess where pinene is commonly found? That’s right — pine trees. Pinene actually comes in two types: alpha, which smells like pine needles and is the most commonly found terpene in nature, and beta, which smells like rosemary, basil, dill, or parsley. Pinene is also found in conifer trees, citrus peels, and turpentine. Pinene is a powerful bronchodilator, which helps improve airflow to lungs, making it a good option for those struggling with asthma. It’s also an anti-inflammatory and local antiseptic and has been used by cultures around the world for its healing properties for thousands of years. Pinene easily crosses the blood-brain barrier improving memory and alertness. It’s even said that pinene counters memory loss associated with THC.
MyrceneCommonly found in mangoes, hops, thyme, and lemongrass, myrcene is said to be one of the most abundant terpenes in cannabis. Myrcene is important because its presence determines whether a strain is indica or sativa. According to Steep Hill Labs, if a plant has more than 0.5% myrcene, it will produce indica-like effects. Anything less than 0.5% myrcene produces sativa-like effects. Myrcene is also known for its antibiotic, analgesic, and anti-mutagenic properties.
LinaloolLinalool is commonly found in lavender and its aroma is light and floral. Widely known for the ability to reduce stress, linalool is used as an anti-anxiety, antidepressant, and sedative. Linalool is also used to relieve seizure symptoms and provide relief to those suffering from psychosis.

From what we know, the potential benefits from terpenes are promising. These organic, naturally occurring compounds not only enhance and inform your cannabis experience but also offer great medicinal benefits to patients. Terpenes have been used for thousands of years by cultures around the world for their healing properties and as cannabis science expands, the possibilities to help more people becomes increasingly exciting.

Bottom Line:
Terpene-based products are pushing the conversation about these compounds into the mainstream. Consumers are beginning to understand the correlation between terpenes and cannabinoids and their cannabis-consumption experience. The more sophisticated the consumer becomes, the more evolved the products on the shelves (and their marketing) will become.

What are terpenes?

When considering which cannabis strain to purchase, it’s helpful to start narrowing down your options, so:

  • What flavors do you like/respond to (terpenes)?

All these questions come down to — how do you want to feel after consuming cannabis? These are just guideposts along the way to help you decide what you enjoy, prefer, and what your body responds best to.

Tip: Consider terpenes a connoisseurs’ approach to cannabis. In the same way that a wine lover would consider the blackcurrant notes in a Chilean merlot versus the crisp citrus of an unoaked Californian chardonnay.

Before modern research on cannabis and terpenes was conducted and legalization happened, many people decided on cannabis based on the typical characteristics and effects of indicas and sativas.

New research has now shown that terpenes significantly influence the flavor and smell of buds. They can also amp up, change, or lower the intensity and duration of effects for strains.

How terpenes work in the body

As we’ve mentioned, terpenes have their own effects apart from their relationship with cannabinoids, including inhibiting serotonin uptake and enhancing norepinephrine activity (acting as antidepressants), increasing dopamine (regulating emotions and pleasure experiences), and augmenting GABA (the “downer” neurotransmitter associated with relaxing effects).

Terpene Benefits
Terpene Benefits

More research needs to be done about the compounded therapeutic effect of terpenes with cannabinoids on the mind, emotions, and behavior of consumers.

Currently, the accepted knowledge is that terpenes compound or lighten the effects of cannabinoids THC and CBD (among others) by binding to endocannabinoid receptors and neurotransmitters and imitating compounds our bodies naturally produce (to regulate emotions, weight, health, etc). The FDA and other agencies have recognized terpenes as safe, but how could they not? They’d have to outlaw tomatoes and cinnamon if terpenes weren’t legal.

With research, cannabis scientists, growers, and enthusiasts are starting to tailor strains to use terpenes to balance the negative effects of cannabinoids – such as pinene balancing the short-term memory loss from high concentrations of THC.

Examples of terpenes found in cannabis

  • Pinene (pine): Pinene is the most common terpene in the world, and has anti-inflammatory properties. It’s also found in orange peels, pine needles, basil, and parsley. It’s been known to counter short-term memory loss from THC, improve airflow to your lungs, and promote alertness.
  • Myrcene (earthy, musky, fruity): Myrcene can be found in mangoes, hops, thyme, lemongrass, and basil, and is the most commonly found terpene in cannabis. It can compose up to 50 percent of a cannabis plant’s terpenes. Myrcene has also been shown to be useful as an anti-inflammatory, a sedative, and a muscle relaxer. Many indica strains have high levels of myrcene, which contribute to the tired/stoned feeling (if higher than 0.5% myrcene in a strain, it creates the “couch-lock” feeling in users).
  • Limonene (citrus): Like its name suggests, limonene smells like lemons, oranges, mandarins, limes, and grapefruits. It’s also — interestingly enough — probably found in your favorite cleaning products or perfumes because of its’ citrusy scent. It’s been shown to elevate mood, relieve stress, and has anti-fungal and antibacterial properties to boot. It also improves absorption of other terpenes and chemicals through the skin, which makes it great in strains that you use for tinctures, ointments, and other topicals.
  • Humulene (hoppy, earthy):Humulene is found in hops, coriander, cloves, and basil. It’s best known for its anti-inflammatory properties and its ability to suppress appetite (while many other strains only increase appetite).
  • Linalool (floral, spicy):Linalool is found in flowers and spices like lavender and coriander, and is widely known for its stress-relieving, anti-inflammatory, and anti-depressant effects. The linalool terpene balances out the anxious side effects of THC, which makes it a useful treatment of both anxiety and psychosis. Some studies also suggest that linalool can boost the immune system and significantly reduce lung inflammation.
  • Caryophyllene (peppery, spicy):Caryophyllene is found in thai basils, cloves, cinnamon leaves and black pepper. Studies show that it can help treat anxiety, depression, and act as an anti-inflammatory, which sounds like a big job to handle for one small terpene.
  • Terpinolene (smoky + woodsy): Terpinolene can be found in sage and rosemary, and has slightly sedative, antioxidant, and antibacterial properties. It’s also been found to depress your central nervous system, and therefore induce drowsiness and reduce excitement or anxiety.

Flavonoids vs. terpenes

Flavonoids sound like flavors… but they’re actually the color-giving nutrients in living things. They’re also one of the largest nutrient families known to scientists at over 6,000 members.

Around 20 of these compounds have been identified in the cannabis plant, which is great because they’re also known for their antioxidant and anti-inflammatory health benefits.

Flavonoids are what gives cannabis plants a purple or brighter green color. Further research is needed to understand the role flavonoids can play for therapeutic cannabis treatments, but the research on terpenes is much further along.

Cooking with cannabis terpenes

When you cook at home, you don’t just throw anything in a pot and hope it turns out okay, right?

You look for recipes because pairing smells, tastes, and textures is important for the final experience. Then you go to the grocery store and look for that hot red, greenhouse-smelling on-the-vine tomato. The mango that smells luscious and almost too sweet. The cinnamon that’s spicy and warming.

Cooking with cannabis requires you to understand the different notes (terpenes) in strains. Controlling the temperature of any cannabis you cook is crucial, especially so when thinking about terpenes, because terpenes are extremely sensitive to heat and can be burned by overheating.

Our recommendation is to research your temperatures and avoid adding cannabis at the very beginning of a cooking process so you don’t burn valuable terpenes. Add your cannabis at the end of your cook instead. Since terpenes volatilize at temperatures similar to cannabinoids, you should cook under 100 degrees Celsius.

Whether you’re using cannabis oil, butter, a drink, or just vaping alongside your meal, you should find a strain with a complementary or similar flavor to your planned meal. Vaping along with eating lets the terpene flavors shine through without burning them off — and you can customize which terpenes you inhale by changing the temperature!

Making a tomato mozzarella salad and are missing a little basil? Look for a strain heavy on myrcene.

Want to intensify the flavor of your lemon salmon dish? Add a strain high in the terpene limonene to a dressing or butter.

And a berry cheesecake could pair nicely with a super floral linalool-heavy strain that you vape as you eat.

At the end of the day, it’s totally up to you how you wish to think about terpenes when you cook with cannabis — whether complementary or similar. As long as you remember that consuming cannabis high in THC in particular will only enhance your experience of the food pairings you’ve created.

Key point to remember: terpenes are to cannabis like “notes” are to wine.

Want to learn more? Read "Let's Take the Mystery out of CBD Oil"

Book your Happy Travelers Tour cannabis adventure today!


The Top Ten Weed Games

The Top Ten Weed Games (carefully researched and compiled by Happy Travelers Tours). We’ve been reviewing various websites to see what they list as the best weed games and we’ve noticed several games keep coming up, so, we’ve put them together here as the Top Ten Weed Games (ever!).Weed Games Dice

Here’s our Legend to explain what our research turned up:

  • Five Stars = on Five Lists
  • Four Stars = on Four Lists
  • Three Stars = on Three Lists

So, let's roll the dice and get into the Top Ten Weed Games:

  • Bong Pong ★★★★★

This is an all-time classic and is often associated with the alcohol version: ‘beer pong.’ Bong Pong is very similar except that you obviously use cannabis instead. You can create a 1-on-1 or 2-on-2 scenario, and the goal is to try and throw a Ping-Pong ball into your rival’s cup.

This weed game is similar to beer pong but the reward is bud instead of beer. Players attempt to bounce a Ping-Pong ball into a cup of beer. If the ball lands in the cup, the person who made the shot gets to hit the bong while her opponent has to drink the beer. Make up your own rules for an added bit of fun.

Standing opposite each other, two players must bounce a Ping-Pong ball into a cup of beer or water. Should they succeed, they get to rip the bong.

  • Stoner with a Straight Face ★★★★★

The name says it all. Don’t smile or you’re in trouble. Start smoking as usual and once the group is relatively baked, shout ‘Straight-Faced Stoner’ to commence the game. After that, no one’s allowed to smile. If someone cracks a grin, they have to perform the penalty.

One important point: before you start, agree on a penalty (e.g., watching Sex & The City, rolling the next joint from their own stash, making a prank phone call, or washing the supper dishes).

  • Strip Choker ★★★★

This weed game is sure to test your lung capacity. It requires everyone to have something to smoke out of, so it may not be the best idea for large groups. The premise of ‘Strip Choker’ is simple; all members of the group take a hit simultaneously and hold it in for as long as possible. The first person to exhale or cough has to take off an item of clothing.

Strip Choker requires that everyone has their own weed, so plan accordingly. Other than that, the rules are simple. All players take a hit at the same time and hold it in. The first person to let their smoke out (be it by coughing or exhaling in any way) takes off a piece of clothing.

As a gracious host, it may be worth checking that everyone's OK with potentially stripping down to their underwear.

  • Medusa ★★★★

Medusa is a Gorgon monster from Greek mythology that possessed wings and had snakes instead of hair. In Greek mythology, looking at Medusa would turn you to stone. In this variation, looking at another player will get you stoned—clever, right

To play Medusa, sit in a circle with your friends and make sure everyone has a joint ready. Everyone must put their head down, and on the count of three, all members of the group look up and stare at another player. If you end up looking at someone who is also looking at you, shout ‘Medusa’ and take a hit.

  • Never Have I Ever ★★★★

Gather everyone together and make sure there’s enough ganja to go around. Roll a few joints, pack a few bongs, or have some blunts standing at the ready. Pick a person to go first. That person makes a simple statement starting with “Never have I ever…” followed by some action.

For instance, they may say ‘Never have I ever passed out from taking too much weed.’

Every member of the group who has passed out from marijuana has to take a toke. The next person in the group says ‘Never have I ever…’ and the game continues until there is no more weed.

  • Greenjack ★★★★

Basically blackjack with weed as the reward. Some of the best marijuana games involve using a deck of cards, and Greenjack falls into this category. If you are familiar with Blackjack (or ‘21’), this is a fun and easy game to play. You can decide on the rules for yourself, but in most cases, whoever gets closest to 21 takes a hit. It is a good idea to add ‘penalties’ for going bust (scoring over 21), some folks would suggest drinking a beer but we say: hit the pipe!

  • Ash Bomber ★★★

For this weed game, you’ll need the following supplies:

  • A joint or blunt (not a bong)
  • A wide-mouthed jar (a cup will do too)
  • A sheet of toilet paper, tissue paper, or rolling paper
  • A penny
  • A rubber band

Cover the opening of the jar with the paper of your choice. Secure around the rim with the rubber band. Set the penny in the center of the tissue paper and light up your bud. Each person takes one or two tokes (decide beforehand), holds in the smoke, burns a hole in the tissue paper, passes the joint, and then exhales.

Players must burn a hole each time they take their tokes. The person who makes the penny fall is the loser and has to perform some task. You can make up your own penalties but we like making them roll the next joint so we can play again.

  • Rock, Paper, Scissors ★★★

This works well in small groups like 2 or 3, but it can be done in larger groups. For larger groups, you just have to play until it’s down to one-on-one. This is the classic game with added weed!

Basically, use your hands to display rock, paper or scissors, and the winner gets a smoke. If you didn’t already know, here is how the game is ‘scored’:

  • Rock beats scissors.
  • Paper beats rock.
  • Scissors beats paper.
  • Jamaica Jammin’ ★★★

This game is simple and fun, but before you start, you’ll need to roll a separate joint for each participant. Put on Bob Marley’s legendary song Jammin’ and take a hit every time he says ‘Jam’ or ‘Jammin’. If you haven’t heard the song before: he says those words a lot.

Before the game, decide if mentions of the words by backup singers also count. At one point, there are several ‘jams’ in a couple of seconds. This will involve taking 4 hits in 4 seconds!

  • The Hour of Power ★★★

While not technically a game, Power Hour is a great way to get seriously stoned and have fun. You’ll need a bunch of your favorite music and a bunch of weed so there’s enough to go around.

In the weed version of this drinking game, you can set a timer and take a hit every 60 seconds for 60 minutes. Put on some music because dancing and revelry are encouraged.

BONUS GAMES: Turns out, there were three more games which we found on multiple lists, so, we've added them as Bonus Games! Enjoy!

  • Band Names ★★★

The first player names a band, pop group, singer, or musical performer. The next player has to name a band, pop group, singer, or musical performer whose name begins with the last letter of the previous name.

So if the first player said Grateful Dead, the second player could say David Bowie, and the third player could say Enigma. Play continues thusly until a player can’t produce a name. When that happens, the player takes a hit (or two or three). The next person names a new band, and play proceeds as before.

You can also play this game with movies, actors, countries, sports teams – whatever strikes your fancy!

  • Taxi! ★★★

This weed game works best with a group of friends sitting in a circle. Pass the weed around like usual, but you’ll have to decide how many hits you want each person to take on their turn. Two is a good starting point unless you’ve got people who are not seasoned tokers playing along. After you take a hit, you have to hold the smoke in until it’s your turn again. If you exhale before it comes back, you lose a turn.

This is a lot like Traffic Lights, but it is a better game when you have several players. First of all, set a rule on the number of hits each player has to take per turn. In my experience, it is best to take two, unless there are beginners in which case one hit is enough.

  • Movie Time ★★★

Another game that has a rule set determined by the party host. Pick a movie category of your choice—could be horror, romcom, or action. Then, decide on a suitable set of rules. If it’s a horror, every time someone gets killed, all players have to take a drag. For a romcom, it could be every time someone on screen kisses another member of the cast. The choice is up to you.

And it doesn’t just have to be stoner movies. If you pick a rom-com, smoke when someone kisses in the movie. If you pick an action movie, smoke when someone gets shot. If you pick a horror movie, smoke every time you see blood.

If you want to learn more about cannabis culture, Book a Happy Travelers Tour!


Indica vs Sativa - Which to Choose?

Sativa vs Indica High

The two major types of cannabis plants are Indica and Sativa. Each strain has it's own range of effects on the body and mind resulting in a wide range of medicinal benefits. Indica strains generally provide a sense of deep body relaxation. Sativa strains tend to provide a more energizing experience.

Indica vs Sativa

There are two major types of cannabis: sativa and indica. Indica vs Sativa is a personal choice and both can we used for optimal results in different circumstances.

The big difference between the two types of cannabis is that they have opposite effects once consumed. So whether you are consuming cannabis for recreational or medical reasons, you will want to use the a strain that causes the desired effects. It is also worth noting that cannabis effects individuals slightly differently based on your weight, your consumption frequency, the source of the strain, and many other factors. Here are some cannabis basics to get you on the right path.

Sativa Weed

Physically speaking, a true sativa plant will be tall, usually between 8 and 18 feet high, with thin leaves. Sativas originate from the warm climates of Mexico, Central America, and Southeast Asia and they thrive outdoors in the heat.

When you consume a sativa strain you might feel: energized, thoughtful, focused, generally awesome and uplifted, with a stimulated head high. Sativas also have a lighter, more fruity aroma. In other words, if you want to be social, clean your house, have brilliant ideas, or manage to accomplish anything at all, sativas are your go-to.

Indica Weed

Indica plants are typically short and stout and have full-figured, wider leaves. Indicas are native to Hindu Kush range in the Himalayas, so they are much more tolerant of cold and inclement weather than sativas. To protect itself from the cold weather of the Himalayas, the plant developed the ability to product cannabinoid-dense resin to protect itself. This resin is also the reason that indicas have high levels of THC and can be very potent.

On the other hand, if you consume an indica, a.k.a “in-da-couch” you might feel sleepy, relaxed, pain relief, and it can also reduce nausea, increase appetite (munchies) and fight depression. If you are trying to watch a movie, eat a Costco-sized bag of Sun Chips and have the best slumber of your life, indica is where it is at.

Cannabis Indica High

Typically, cannabis Indica plants are short, bushy plants with wide leaves. Indica plants typically grow faster and have a higher yield than the sativa variety. Medicine produced from cannabis Indica plants have higher CBD and lower THC counts.

Cannabis Sativa High

Cannabis Sativa plants are opposite of the Indica strains and grow tall and thin with narrow leaves. Sativa plants are also generally a lighter shade of green then their counterpart, the Indica strain. Sativa strains take longer to grow, mature, and require more light. Medicine produced from cannabis Sativa plants have lower CBD and higher THC counts.

Sativa Indica Hybrid High

With more than 1,000 strains of cannabis having been bred during the past several decades, it is critical that patients are aware of the different types of efficacy available to them in terms of cannabis medicine. Some varieties of cannabis are most appropriate for particular diseases and ailments, but not others. Choosing the right strain is critical to ensuring that patients receive the best therapy possible.

Cannabis Strain Comparison Chart

SATIVAINDICA
·      Plants are Taller and Slimmer
·      Leaves are Longer and Thinner
·      Plants are Shorter and Bushier
·      Leaves are Shorter and Wider
Head High: Alertness, Uplifting and Euphoric, Creativity and Increased EnergyBody High: Relaxation, Appetite Stimulator, Sleep Aid, Pain Relief
·      Anti Anxiety ·      Increase mental relaxation
·      Anti-depressant·      Muscle relaxation
·      Treats chronic pain·      Decreases nausea
·      Increases focus and creativity·      Decreases acute pain
·      Increases serotonin·      Increases appetite
·      Increases dopamine
Best for Daytime UseBest for Nighttime Use

Landrace Cannabis Strains and Heirlooms

Landrace strains are those that evolved naturally within their native environments. Because they weren’t bred and aren’t hybrids, landrace strains offer a very pure example of sativa or indica, with no interference from humans. In fact, landrace strains are typically 100 percent indica or sativa, the result of tens of thousands of years of inbreeding in a particular weather climate and geography.

Heirlooms are landrace strains that have been grown outside of their native environment, such as plants or seeds professionally grown in Illinois that originated on the other side of the world. While sought for their pure indica or sativa characteristics, such strains lose some of their unique characteristics when grown outside the climate in which they evolved.

Examples of landrace strains include Durban Poison, a sativa from South Africa; Afghan Indica, from Afghanistan; Malawi Gold, a sativa from Southeastern Africa; and Panama Red, a sativa from the country that bears its name.

Landrace sativas appear in Asia, Anatolia, and Northern Africa. These climates provide the long summers and intense sun in which such strains have evolved and adapted to thrive. Indicas are located in Afghanistan, India, and Pakistan. Such strains will not reach their potential if grown within indoor or outdoor conditions that don’t match those of their native environment.

Eastern Europe, the Himalayan region of India, and Siberia are home to ruderalis landrace strains and are among the least desired of these naturally evolved plants. Often, as in the Himalayas, such plants are used to create traditional hand-rolled hash, with impoverished villagers in such regions subsisting on black market sales of the concentrate that eventually appears in smoking cafes throughout Europe.

What Determines Sativa or Indica? It’s all about the terpenes!

Readers have already learned that the sometimes pungent aromas produced by many strains of cannabis are the result of terpenes, the special molecules in the herb that are similar in many respects to cannabinoids like THC and CBD.

While many might guess that a particular strain of cannabis is categorized as indica, sativa, or hybrid based on the presence or absence of a particular cannabinoid, or a cannabinoid in a particular volume, it is actually a terpene that determines this important status of a strain.

Myrcene, the most common terpene in cannabis, is known to help patients sleep, battling conditions like anxiety and insomnia. If present in a specific strain in a volume greater than 0.5 percent, the strain is considered an indica. If the amount of myrcene is under one half of one percent, then the strain is deemed a sativa.

This dynamic is a good example of the entourage effect, a theory that cannabinoids and terpenes work together in harmony to deliver medicinal efficacy to patients. Many terpenes buffer or enhance the effects of major cannabinoids like THC.

Do you want to learn more? Would you like to get up close and personal with some cannabis plants? Join Happy Travelers Tours and Book your Wine-and-Weed Tour now!


Edible Marijuana Dosage Chart

The days of your Momma’s edible marijuana brownies are way behind us – we’ve moved into a new era for edible marijuana. Everything from candy to salad dressing to infused beverages – eating cannabis is easier than ever, and that means, it’s time to get familiar with edible dosage and their effect.

Edible Cannabis: How to Choose

Edible Gummies. Edible weed gummies Edible brownies. Edible weed candy. Edible cookies. Eating edibles. And this list doesn’t even include drinking infused beverages! Bottom line: there are lots of ways to consume edible marijuana but the one thing you have to remember is: if you eat too much, you’re going to be very high. And sometimes, being THAT high just isn’t much fun.

So, you have to pay attention to the dosage amount, as well as what it is you’re actually eating. A brownie tastes good and once you’re washed it down with a glass of milk you must MIGHT want to eat another – it’s DOES taste good.

As Yoda says: Underestimate weed edibles … super high you will be!

Are edibles bad for you?

Oh hyperbole, it’s always great to hear from you. Are edibles bad for you? It’s an interesting question which deserves a few moments to consider.

When you eat cannabis, you have to account for the time it takes to digest what you’ve eaten, how ‘strong’ the dose is and what else you’ve got in your stomach. My personal preference is to smoke or vape cannabis as I can better control how high I’m getting more immediately.

When you eat an edible, you’re going to have to take the ride, as it were. And, then there’s always the chance you’ll decide you’re not feeling high and so you might eat MORE before you’re really feeling it – this can lead to lost afternoons.

Edible High Feeling and Dosage Chart

Here is a convenient edible dosage chart which also describes the effect of the edible high feeling and relates it to alcohol for reference:

DOSEEFFECT
2 MGThreshold of psychoactivity for infrequent users. Very little to no impairment.
2.5 MGMost report psychoactivity equal to a glass of wine or a beer. Doses in this range are popular for social anxiety, encouraging the munchies, and focus.
5 MGNearly all occasional users will note significant psychoactivity. Significant appetite stimulation. Mild psychoactivity, akin to two to three glasses of wine.
10 MGStrong psychoactivity for most occasional users. Significant distraction from pain. This dose is often recommended by physicians to stem nausea from chemotherapy. This is the strongest dose currently allowed to be sold by dispensaries in California.
15 MGMost occasional users report uncomfortable levels of psychoactivity at this dose. Regular users of cannabis do not.
100 MGThe most potent edible available in Colorado dispensaries. This is ten times the maximum THC content of the edibles permitted by law to be sold in California adult-use cannabis shops.

Read more about Edible Pot here

To learn more (and get up-close-and-personal with cannabis plants, Book a Happy Travelers Tour now!


Let's take the mystery out of CBD Oil!

What the heck is CBD Oil and why does it matter? Let's take the mystery out of CBD!

Cannabidiol (CBD) oil has become the hot new product in states that have legalized recreational and medical marijuana.

The non-intoxicating marijuana extract is being credited with helping treat a host of medical problems -- everything from seizures to anxiety to inflammation to sleeplessness.

But experts say the evidence is scant for most of these touted benefits.

Cannabidiol, or CBD, is extracted from the flowers and buds of marijuana or hemp plants. It does not produce intoxication; marijuana's "high" is caused by the chemical tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).

What is Cannabis Oil?

What is CBD OilCannabis oil is a concentrated extract obtained by extraction of the dried flowers or leaves of the cannabis plant. It is not actually an oil, but derives its name from its sticky and oily appearance. The purpose of producing cannabis oil is to make cannabinoids and other beneficial components, such as terpenes, available in a highly concentrated form.

Similar to other herbal extracts, the chemicals in cannabis oils vary depending on how the extract is made and what chemicals were in the plant to begin with.

Cannabis plants produce thousands of compounds but the most well recognized belong to a class called cannabinoids. There are several cannabinoids but the two that are most well-known among consumers are THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) and CBD (cannabidiol).

THC is the primary psychoactive compound in marijuana and it is what people are searching for when they want a product that gives them a "high." Unlike THC, CBD isn't known to cause psychoactive effects, and is therefore attractive to those who want to avoid the high but who believe there are other benefits of CBD.

CBD products that don't contain THC fall outside the scope of the U.S. Drug Enforcement Agency's (DEA) Controlled Substances Act, which means CBD products are legal to sell and consume as long as they don't have THC. That's likely one of the reasons why CBD products, including CBD oil, are becoming more socially acceptable and increasingly popular. In 2016, Forbes reported that CBD products are expected to be a $2.2 billion industry by 2020.

In recent years, a large, unregulated market for CBD (cannabidiol) oils has emerged. These products are typically concentrated extracts from fiber-type cannabis strains (hemp), which contain large concentrations of CBD, but negligible of THC.

In most countries it is forbidden to create oil from cannabis, because cannabis is a controlled substance (i.e. illegal drug). However, CBD, unlike THC, is not a controlled drug, and regulations are minimal by comparison in many places around the world. This has led to the appearance of numerous CBD-rich extracts on the international market. Most of these extracts contain low levels of CBD and high levels of CBD-acid, the natural constituent of the fresh cannabis plant before it is heated.

How is cannabis consumed?

Consumption Method Product Format Affect and/or Application
Smoke – a cannabis pipe or a joint Flowers, Concentrates, Wax, Dabs, Hash A quick way to get stoned and then sober up
Vape – cannabis oil vape pen or a dab rig Oils, Dabs, Wax A quick way to get stoned and then sober up
Eat – put it in whatever you want! Oils, flowers and concentrates prepared for food production A slow way to get stoned and stay stoned for a long time
Topical – good for the body, good for the soul Oils, Creams, Salves, Butters, Lotions
  • Cannabis Pain Cream or Salve
  • Cannabis Massage Oil
  • Cannabis Body Butters

CBD and THC

Phytocannabinoids occur naturally in cannabis plants. There are fifteen subclasses of such compounds.  THC, cannabidiol, and cannabidivarin are some examples of the same.

The pop-culture favorite of cannabinoids may in fact be Tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC as it is colloquially known, due to its psychoactive nature.

Endocannabinoids are organically produced by the human body, generated by the endocannabinoid system. Endocannabinoids have been found to help in the regulation of sleep, pain and the responses of the immune system. Cannabis scientists also have been investigating the role of physiological cannabinoids in tissue recovery and disease.

Cannabidiol (CBD) is a subclass of Phytocannabinoids and one among one twenty cannabis compounds. It is hailed for its ability to be meditative, without causing a euphoric high. This non-addictive cannabinoid has been the talk of the town and the core of numerous experiments. The anti-inflammatory properties of CBD have inspired the marketing of its by-products, such as CBD oil, for pain relief and relaxation.

How does cannabidiol help relieve pain?

In general, the human body has specific sites that are allotted to cannabinoids, called the cannabinoid receptor sites. Receptors are mechanisms to which the cannabinoids naturally present in the human body as well as the ones artificially ingested/ applied attach themselves. There are two kinds of receptors for cannabinoids, the CB1, and the CB2. While the CB1 receptors are present in the brain, the CB2 receptors can be found in the immune system.

Cannabinoids can be agonists, inverse agonists or inhibitors. The agonists simply stimulate a bodily function once they adhere to their respective receptors. Inverse agonists associate themselves with the same receptors as agonists, while causing a chemical reaction opposite to the ones caused by agonists. Inhibitors simply stop a chemical reaction or response once bound to their receptors.

Cannabidiol is unique, as it does not work with the CB1 or CB2 receptors. It passively influences the working of the Endocannabinoid system, regulating the reception of pain, immune system functions and the process of falling and staying asleep.  CBD also amplifies the effect of all cannabinoids that attach to the CB1 receptors.

The Benefits of CBD Oil Epilepsy

Cannabidiol has been widely accepted as an anti-psychotic family member of the cannabis family. Ongoing studies have involved inspecting the use of CBD in helping victims of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder.

CBD oil has definitely proven to subdue symptoms of anxiety, to the extent that the US Food and Drug Administration has approved the use of Epidilolex, a patented CBD medicine, for the treatment of epilepsy and the repetitive seizures induced by the affliction.

Similarly, CBD oil can be effective in the treatment of stress-related bodily ailments.

Multiple Sclerosis

Multiple Sclerosis is a condition in which the immune system mistakenly reacts abhorrently to healthy cells and organs. Also known as an autoimmune disease, multiple sclerosis causes reoccurring spasms and enduring pain, for those affected. Although the effect is modest, CBD oil, acting as an anticonvulsant, can help in mitigating the number of spasms caused, as well as the resulting pain.

Arthritics

One of the most profound uses of cannabidiol oil is for the relief of arthritic pain. There are two kinds of arthritis, rheumatoid and osteoarthritis, both resulting in swelling and stiffness in joints.  Scientific studies have documented that the application of CBD oil can help assuage the pain caused by inflammations. Results have been encouraging.

Autism

Of the many developmental disorders, autism and its associated spectrum of disorders are perhaps the most pervasive. Autistic children suffer from insomnia, irritability and a loss of appetite, to name a few. Practitioners have been experimenting with the use of CBD oil in curtailing the social anxiety and psychological manifestations vicariously caused in victims of autism.

Cramps, Chronic Pain and Addiction

There have been a number of studies investigating the conceivable part of CBD oil in vanquishing pain of all proportions, be it menstrual cramps or pain of a chronic magnitude. CBD oil maybe a good tolerance-builder, an agent that enhances the body’s ability to cope with and be resilient to pain.

It is clear that CBD oil has a number of functions in pain relief and regulation. However, there are a few arguments that are worth considering. One is the use of CBD oil on children. Although proven to be a player in autism-symptom mitigation, the influence of CBD oil on the developing brain has yet to be deemed unintrusive.

CBD oil might also cause fatigue, diarrhea and sudden weight gain/weight loss, depending on each individual’s ability to metabolize or reaction to the substance.

To conclude, the increasing use of CBD oil as a therapeutic substance has inspired many applications. However, caution must be exercised when choosing CBD as a wholesome alternative to allopathic medicine for pain.

Read more about in our article A Beginners Guide to Tinctures


Joints, Blunts and Spliffs, Oh My!

In this post we’re going to talk about the differences between a joint, a blunt and a spliff and how to roll them.

If you’re new to cannabis, there are three broad categories by which to delineate rolls (substantiated by withstanding popularity): joints, spliffs, and blunts. Each can be defined by their content (cannabis-tobacco ratio) as well as the paper material (tobacco, hemp, wood pulp, etc.).

This minimalist, easily accessible tried-and-true consumption method, still reigns supreme globally and, combustion aside, the creative potential and skill required to craft a functional roll is celebrated among many cannabis enthusiasts.

What’s Inside: The Differences between Joints vs. Blunts vs. Spliff

The basic difference between joints and blunts are that they only contain cannabis, but blunts are rolled with tobacco paper (distinguishable by their thicker weight and dark brown color) whereas joints are rolled with lighter, partially translucent papers.

Joints often include a paper filter known as a crutch, which adds stability to the roll and allows you to enjoy your joint without burning your fingertips.

The difference between a joint or a blunt and a Spliff is that spliffs are essentially hybrids, part tobacco and part cannabis.

They’re rolled in the same paper spectrum as joints and also often include a crutch. The three rolls most notably differ by experience.

Joints are joints – so, 100% cannabis of the strain you prefer, prepared properly and rolled appropriately, a joint is the Gold Standard for smoking weed.

Blunts are generally considered to be the heaviest hitters due to the interaction between the tobacco paper and cannabis, contrasting strains with indica effects (or complementing sativa-bent strains).

Tobacco provides an initial head rush and energetic physical buzz (similar to coffee), which precedes the effects of cannabis. This sensation is most notable in spliffs because of the loose tobacco presence.

Paper, Paper, which is the Best? More about Joints, Blunts and Spliffs

Paper choice is paramount to your smoking experience, impacting the product’s quantity (which is contingent on paper size), flavor (tobacco papers are notably sweeter than hemp paper), and burn (thicker papers tend to burn slower than thinner papers). Consumers utilize loose papers to roll joints and can use both loose papers and pre-rolls to make spliffs, the latter requiring careful deconstruction to keep the paper intact.

Some consumers think flavorful papers meddle with the complex aromas of cannabis, while others grow loyal to specific brands thanks to their distinct flavor additive (this is common among blunt aficionados, who tend to cherish the sweetness of the tobacco paper).

The aromatic potency of the paper is pertinent for all rolls, but especially joints. Consumers also choose papers based on rolling ease and functionality. The best papers don’t tear, seal seamlessly, handle well between your fingers, and burn uniformly. Nothing is a surer sign of a failed roll than a joint that “runs” (i.e. burns lengthwise along one side).

The Global Differences and Popularity: Even More about Joints, Blunts and Spliffs.

The popularity of joints, blunts, and spliffs varies regionally, reflective of cannabis culture across the globe. Consumers in the United States are more inclined to roll joints than spliffs, possibly in part due to the adverse health effects of tobacco effectively broadcasted by the media over the past few decades. Spliffs are predominant in Europe, where joints are commonly seen as “wasteful” — however, this has the potential to change as cannabis prevalence and accessibility rises.

Global differences in terminology are also interesting to note. In Europe, for example, the names are reversed: a joint refers to a roll with cannabis and tobacco, whereas a spliff refers to rolled cannabis exclusively. This is because a “joint” is a combination of two items instead of just one.

Finally, it’s important to note that joints, spliffs, and blunts are only the beginning.

The landscape is expansive, and even within these three delineations, the room for artistic creation is vast. This can mean multiple connected rolls (like a cross joint), or a simple, pristine cone that showcases your dexterity and precision.

What do your joints look like? Can you twist one up? Join a Happy Travelers Tours adventure and participate in our Cannabis Camp – you’ll have your chance to compete in a Joint Rolling Competition!


Cannabis Hyperemesis Syndrome - What Is It?

What is cannabis hyperemesis
syndrome? Is it a cannabis bad trip? Is there such a thing as chs weed or chs
marijuana?

Many people have questions about CHS cannabinoid
hyperemesis syndrome, as this syndrome has been reported in the media numerous
times over the past few years. This is a very rare syndrome that occurs in
long-term heavy users of THC-rich cannabis. CHS was first
reported in the medical literature in 2004. Symptoms include nausea, vomiting
and abdominal pain. CHS is also known as cannabis vomiting syndrome.

CHS occurs episodically
or cyclically, meaning that the symptoms occur, then resolve, then come back
again and so on, over and over. More than 90% of cannabis users who experience
these symptoms also have a compulsion to bathe in hot water during the episode,
reporting that it alleviates the discomfort. This compulsion is often what
helps doctors and patients figure out that CHS is
what’s happening as it is often confused with other diagnoses such as stomach
flu, inflammation of the
gallbladder, and appendicitis (where there is no compulsion to bathe in
hot water).

Many people suffering
from CHS will seek help at the ER and because they are
reluctant to tell the doctor about their cannabis use, they go undiagnosed. However,
this is changing as cannabis becomes legal in more states. Abstinence
from THC-rich cannabis resolves the condition.
Some CHS sufferers are able to re-introduce THC in very low
doses without a return of symptoms, but other find that they can no longer
tolerate THC.

While there is no ‘chs weed’ per se, it
is unknown why some cannabis users experience hyperemesis syndrome. It has been
theorized that overuse of THC can make some people’s cannabinoid
receptors act paradoxically (opposite) of how they are supposed to act. For
example, we know that THC is quite effective for stopping nausea and
vomiting because THC binds to the receptors on cells located in the part
of the brain that control these symptoms. Once THC binds to the
receptor, a chemical reaction takes place, telling the cells to stop sending
the nausea/vomiting message. But in CHS, THC causes the opposite
effect, increasing nausea and vomiting.

It’s likely that some people are
predisposed to this paradoxical reaction because only a very small percentage
of people who overuse THC get cannabis hyperemesis syndrome.

Medical cannabis patients usually figure
out that overuse of THC-rich cannabis is not effective in treating their
medical conditions, as tolerance develops if too much THC is used.
Tolerance can lead to loss of therapeutic effects. Low doses used
intermittently work quite well for most. Daily users of low
dose THC are unlikely to develop CHS.

Including CBD, and/or the raw
unheated cannabinoids (THCA and CBDA), in a cannabis treatment
regimen is likely to increase the effectiveness and decrease risk of any
unwanted side effects, including CHS.

Marijuana is the dried leaves, flowers, stems, and
seeds from the cannabis sativa cannabis indica plant. Hashish, oils and other
products are made from the concentrated resins of the cannabis flower.

Marijuana has several active substances. These
include tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and related chemicals. These bind to
molecules found in the brain. That causes the drug “high” and other effects that
users feel.

Your digestive tract also has a number of molecules
that bind to THC and related substances. So marijuana also affects the
digestive tract. For example, the drug can alter the time it takes the stomach
to empty. It also affects the esophageal sphincter. That’s the tight band of
muscle that opens and closes to let food from the esophagus into the stomach.
Long-term use can change the way the affected molecules respond and lead to the
symptoms of CHS from marijuana.

What
causes cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome (which is also known as cannabis
vomiting syndrome)?

Marijuana has very complex effects on the body.
Experts are still trying to learn exactly how it causes CHS syndrome in some
people.

In the brain, marijuana has the opposite effect of CHS.
It helps prevent nausea and vomiting. The drug is also good at stopping such
symptoms in people having chemotherapy.

In the digestive tract, marijuana seems to have the
opposite effect. It actually makes you more likely to have nausea and vomiting.
With first use, the signals from the brain may be more important. That may lead
to anti-nausea effects at first. But with repeated use of marijuana, certain
receptors in the brain may stop responding to the drug in the same way. That
may cause the repeated bouts of vomiting found in people with CHS.

It still isn’t clear why some heavy marijuana users
get the syndrome but others do not; as we said earlier, there isn’t a chs
cannabis in specific.

What
are the symptoms of cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome?

People with CHS suffer from repeated bouts of
vomiting. In between these episodes are times without any symptoms. Healthcare
providers usually divide these symptoms into 3 stages. They are the prodromal
phase, the hyperemetic phase, and the recovery phase.

During the prodromal phase, the main symptoms are
usually early morning nausea and belly (abdominal) pain. Some people also
develop a fear of vomiting. Most people keep normal eating patterns during this
time. Some people use more marijuana because they think it will help stop the
nausea. This phase may last for months to years.

The hyperemetic phase is next. Symptoms during this
time may include:

  • Ongoing
    nausea
  • Repeated
    episodes of vomiting
  • Abdominal
    pain
  • Decreased
    food intake and weight loss
  • Symptoms of
    dehydration

During this phase, the cannabis vomiting is often
intense and overwhelming. Many people take a lot of hot showers during the day.
They find that doing so eases their nausea. This may be because of the affects
of the hot temperature on a part of the brain called the hypothalamus, which
controls both temperature regulation and
vomiting. People often first seek medical care during this phase.

The hyperemetic phase may continue until the person completely stops using marijuana. Then the recovery phrase starts. During this time, symptoms go away. Normal eating is possible again. This phase can last days to months. Symptoms usually come back if the person tries marijuana again.

How
is cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome diagnosed?

Many health problems can cause repeated vomiting. To
make a diagnosis, your healthcare provider will ask you about your symptoms and
your past health. He or she will also do a physical exam, including an exam of
your abdomen.

Your healthcare provider may also need more tests to
rule out other causes of the vomiting. That’s especially the case for ones that
may signal a health emergency. Based on your other symptoms, these tests might
include:

  • Blood tests
    for anemia and infection
  • Tests for
    electrolytes
  • Tests for
    pancreas and liver enzymes, to check these organs
  • Pregnancy
    test
  • Urine
    analysis, to test for infection or other urinary causes
  • Drug
    screen, to test for drug-related causes of vomiting
  • X-rays of
    the abdomen, to check for conditions like blockage
  • Upper
    endoscopy, to view the stomach and esophagus for possible causes of vomiting
  • Head CT
    scan, if a nervous system cause of vomiting seems likely
  • Abdominal
    CT scan, to check for health problems that might need surgery

Cannabis hyperemesis syndrome was only recently
discovered, so some healthcare providers may not know about it. As a result,
they may fail to spot it for many years. They often confuse CHS with cyclical
vomiting disorder. It’s a health problem that causes similar symptoms but doesn’t
respond to the hot shower or warm bath - a gastroenterologist might make the
diagnosis.

How
is cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome treated?

If you have had severe vomiting, you might need to
stay in the hospital for a short time. During the hyperemesis phase, you might
need these treatments:

  • Fluid
    replacement for dehydration, given through an IV
  • Medicines
    to help decrease vomiting
  • Pain
    medicine
  • Proton-pump
    inhibitors, to treat stomach inflammation
  • Frequent
    hot showers

Symptoms often ease after a day or two unless
marijuana is used before this time.

To fully recover, you need to stop using marijuana
all together. Some people may get help from drug rehabilitation programs to
help them quit. Cognitive behavioral therapy or family therapy can also help.
If you stop using marijuana, your symptoms should not come back.

What
are the complications of cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome?

Very severe, prolonged vomiting may lead to
dehydration. It may also lead to electrolyte problems in your blood. If
untreated, these can cause rare complications such as:

  • Brain
    swelling (cerebral edema)
  • Muscle
    spasms or weakness
  • Seizures
  • Kidney
    failure
  • Heart
    rhythm abnormalities
  • Shock

Your healthcare team will quickly work to fix any
dehydration or electrolyte problems. Doing so can help prevent these problems.

What
can I do to prevent cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome?

You can prevent CHS by not using marijuana in any
form. You may be reluctant to believe that marijuana might be the underlying
cause of your symptoms. That may be because you have used it for many years
without having any problems. The syndrome may take several years to develop.
The drug may help prevent nausea in new users who don’t use it often. But
people with CHS need to completely quit using it. If they don’t, their symptoms
will likely come back.

Quitting marijuana may lead to other health benefits,
like:

  • Better lung
    function
  • Improved
    memory and thinking skills
  • Better
    sleep
  • Decreased
    risk for depression and anxiety

When
should I call my healthcare provider?

Call your healthcare provider if you have had severe vomiting for a day or more. Key points about cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome

  • CHS is a
    condition that leads to repeated and severe bouts of vomiting. It results from
    long-term use of marijuana.
  • Most people
    self-treat using hot showers to help reduce their symptoms.
  • Some people
    with the syndrome may not be diagnosed for several years. Admitting to your
    healthcare provider that you use marijuana daily can significantly speed up the
    diagnosis and possibly avoid many invasive and expensive tests.
  • You might
    need to stay in the hospital to treat dehydration from CHS.
  • Symptoms
    start to go away within a day or two after stopping marijuana use. In people
    with CHS, symptoms almost always come back if they use the drug again.

To learn more about cannabis, growing marijuana and safe ways to consume weed consider taking a Happy Travelers Tour!