A Brief History of California

California. The California Lifestyle. The Golden State. The entire history of California is outside the scope of this document – however, we will discuss several highlights of California’s history, starting with the Bear Flag Revolt of 1846.

The Bear Flag Revolt

During the Bear Flag Revolt, from June to July 1846, a small group of American settlers in California rebelled against the Mexican government and proclaimed California an independent republic. The republic was short-lived because soon after the Bear Flag was raised, the U.S. military began occupying California, which went on to join the union in 1850. The Bear Flag became the official state flag in 1911.

Bear Flag Revolt: Background

In 1846 California was controlled by Mexico and was home to a growing population of American settlers. Mexican leaders worried that many of these settlers were not truly interested in becoming Mexican subjects and would soon push for annexation of California to the United States. For their part, the Americans distrusted their Mexican leaders and were worried the Mexicans might make a preemptive attack to forestall rebellion.

In the spring of 1846, the American army officer and explorer John C. Fremont (1813-90) arrived at Sutter’s Fort (near modern-day Sacramento) with a small corps of soldiers. Ostensibly, he and his men were in the area strictly for the purposes of making a scientific survey. However, the brash young officer began to persuade a motley mix of American settlers and adventurers to form militias and prepare for a rebellion against Mexico.

Bear Flag Revolt: June-July 1846

On June 14, 1846, a party of more than 30 Americans under the leadership of William Ide and Ezekiel Merritt invaded the largely defenseless Mexican outpost of Sonoma just north of San Francisco. Fremont and his soldiers did not participate, though he had given his tacit approval of the attack. Merritt and his men surrounded the home of the retired Mexican general Mariano Vallejo and informed him that he was a prisoner of war. Vallejo, who was actually a supporter of American annexation, was more puzzled than alarmed by the rebels. He invited Merritt and a few of the other men into his home to discuss the situation over drinks.

Having won a bloodless victory at Sonoma, Ide and Merritt then proceeded to declare California an independent republic. With a cotton sheet and some red paint, they constructed a makeshift flag with a crude drawing of a grizzly bear, a lone red star (a reference to the earlier Lone Star Republic of Texas) and the words “California Republic” at the bottom. From then on, the independence movement was known as the Bear Flag Revolt.

Fremont officially took command of the so-called Bear Flaggers and occupied the unguarded presidio of San Francisco on July 1. Six days later, Fremont learned that American forces under Commodore John D. Sloat had taken Monterey without a fight and officially raised the American flag over California. The United States had declared war against Mexico on May 13, 1846. This news apparently had not reached the Bear Flaggers at the time of their revolt. Since the ultimate goal of the Bear Flaggers was to make California part of the United States, they now saw little reason to preserve their “government.” Three weeks after it had been proclaimed, the California Republic quietly faded away.

In 1850, California joined the Union and the Bear Flag was officially adopted as California’s state flag in 1911.

California During Prohibition

On January 17, 1920, the 18th Amendment to the Constitution of the United States made “the manufacture, sale, or transportation of intoxicating liquors within, the importation thereof into, or the exportation thereof from the United States…for beverage purposes….” illegal. But, two little words were missing from that list: ownership, and consumption.  It was those 2 words that made all the difference in the years ahead.

The Volstead Act, the body of law responsible for the enforcement of Prohibition, defined “intoxicating liquor” as any beverage containing half a percent (.5%) or more of alcohol by weight.  The Act did provide few exclusions including wine for religious purposes. Catholic and Jewish religious leaders, who opposed Prohibition were quick to secure supplies of “sacramental wine” for themselves, and their congregations.

The strictly hierarchical structure of the Catholic church ensured that priests signing orders for sacramental wine were actually priests and not imposters. However, the looser structure of the Jewish religious organization, led to many bootleggers claiming to be rabbis to take advantage of the loophole in the Volstead Act.

In response, the market introduced sacramental champagne, crème de menthe, brandy, and others.  Asked to rule on whether these liquors truly belonged under the sacramental wine exception, a federal judge in the District of Columbia allowed it, stating, “it is not the content of the beverage, but the purpose for which it will be used that determines whether or not it is sacramental wine.”

Another Exception: Home-Made Cider, er, Wine

Another exception to the Volstead Act allowed for the making of up to 200 gallons of non-intoxicating cider or homemade fruit juice each year. The Bureau of Internal Revenue, however, struck down the .5% definition of “intoxicating,” with regard to homemade wine in July of 1920.  The Bureau stated that, “some drinks that contain more than the prescribed one-half of 1 per cent, while they may cheer, do not inebriate.”  This ruling opened the door to a booming home winemaking business.

Prohibition lasted almost 14 years before the 21st Amendment repealed the 18th Amendment returning control of liquor laws to the states.  The Prohibition years had a profound impact on society and American’s attitudes towards liquor.  While some wine growers ripped out their vines and replaced them with apricots and other fruit trees, other growers found religion and not only survived the prohibition years, but prospered.

Georges de Latour of Beaulieu Vineyards was one such.  De Latour, a Catholic, had secured connections within the Catholic church in the years prior to prohibition, to provide the sacramental wine for churches across the country. During the entirety of Prohibition, Wente Vineyards sold 100% of its harvest to de Latour to be made into sacramental wine. Beringer, Martini, and Concannon also sold to the church.

De Latour and other makers of sacramental wine did not restrict themselves to providing for the Catholic church. They also made kosher wine, and provided wine for Lutherans and the Russian Orthodox.

Demand for wine grapes soared.  California land dedicated to grape-growing increased by 700% during the first 5 years of Prohibition.  By 1928, approximately 27,900 railroad carloads of grapes left California bound for New York alone.  The volume was so great that the Pennsylvania Railroad expended its Jersey City freight terminal solely to accommodate the thousands of grape-laden boxcars.   Prices increased as well as volume.  During the first four years of Prohibition, a ton of grapes went from a pre-Prohibition price of less than $30 to a staggering $375.

Another method of legally distributing wine grapes during Prohibition was to sell grape concentrate in the form of a solid block (about the size of a pound of butter) called a “wine brick” or “wine block”.  According to the law, these bricks could be used by the consumer to make “non-intoxicating fruit juice.”  In order to comply with the letter, if not the spirit, of the law, the wine bricks were sold with a warning on the label cautioning the consumer not to add yeast or sugar to the grape juice or to leave it in a cupboard for 20 days before drinking because it “might ferment and turn into wine.”

Repeal found the California wine grower eagerly tearing out the rows of hated Alicante vines and replacing them with tastier varietals.  Vintners struggled to regain lost winemaking knowledge and to refill the barrels and casks with the “liquid poetry”.  During the 13 years and 10 months of Prohibition, some wineries closed their doors, a few made fortunes, most did what they needed to do and just to survive.

The Path to Cannabis Legalization

Here’s a chart which shows major marijuana legalization milestones in California.

The Poison and Pharmacy Act of 1907
California passed the Poison and Pharmacy Act in 1907 that banned the sale of opium, cocaine, or morphine without a prescription. In 1913, cannabis was included on the list of banned drugs, making the Golden State the first to prohibit marijuana.
Marihuana Tax Act of 1937The Marihuana Tax Act of 1937 made the possession or transfer of marijuana illegal across the United States under federal law. Medicinal use was legal but it created an expensive fee system to tax its use.
California Attempts to Legalize Marijuana in 1972The Golden State was the first in the U.S. to independently attempt to legalize marijuana in 1972 with Proposition 19, which attempted to decriminalize marijuana possession and sale. The law failed to pass with 66.5% voting against it.
Berkeley Marijuana Initiative I of 1973Berkeley voters passed the Berkeley Marijuana Initiative I, prohibiting officers from making marijuana-related arrests unless approved by the city council first.
Moscone Act of 1976The Moscone Act in California changed possession of an ounce or less of marijuana from a felony to a misdemeanor.
Berkeley Marijuana Initiative II of 1979Berkeley voters passed an ordinance that made growing, possession, transportation and sale of marijuana the lowest priority for police.
Judge Rules DEA Hindered Cannabis Research in 1988A judge ruled that the DEA hindered cannabis research and allowed the drug to be used safely, claiming it was a therapeutic product. Later that year, researchers discovered cannabinoid receptors in the human brain that lead to a better understanding of how drugs affect the central nervous system.
San Francisco Recognizes Marijuana for Medicinal Use in 1992The Board of Supervisors in California become the first city government to recognize marijuana for its medicinal purposes. That year, the enforcement of marijuana laws became the city’s lowest priority.
California Voters Vote to Legalize Marijuana in 1996Voters in California passed Proposition 215, legalizing the use and sale of marijuana for medicinal purposes, but the law conflicted with federal statutes.
California Introduces Medical Research for Marijuana in 1999The Golden State introduces a three-year program for medical research, gearing their focus on the drug as a medical treatment. The legislation led to funding the University of California’s Center for Medicinal Cannabis Research at UC San Diego.
Oakland Passes Measure to Allow Taxation of Cannabis for Adults in 2005Oakland passes a measure to allow regulation and taxation of cannabis for adult use, making the prosecution of adults who use or possess marijuana a low priority for law enforcement.
Governor Schwarzenegger Passes SB 1449 in 2010Governor Schwarzenegger passes SB 1449, making the possession of less than an ounce of marijuana a misdemeanor and civil infraction in the state of California.
Oakland Approves a Citywide Plan to Cultivate Marijuana in 2010The city of Oakland votes to approve a citywide plan to cultivate medical marijuana in four factories. The plans were later dismissed after the Obama administration warned Oakland that they would be in violation of federal law.
Proposition 19 is Defeated in California in 2010Proposition 19 would have legalized the recreational use of marijuana for adults 21 years and older but it was defeated - 54 percent voted against it.
US Attorneys Prosecute Landlords Allowing Marijuana Growth in 2011Four U.S. attorneys for the state of California begin to prosecute property owners and landlords who rent buildings used to sell or grow marijuana.
Mendocino County Ends Permit Program for Medical Marijuana Growers in 2012Mendocino County ends its permit program (the first in the nation) to medical marijuana growers after receiving pressure form the federal government.
California Voters Say They Would Legalize Marijuana in 2013In a state poll, at least 55 percent of voters agreed they would support the legalization of marijuana.
California Lawmakers Set New Regulations for Medicinal Marijuana Programs in 2015The Golden State begins to draft new regulations for medical marijuana programs, establishing rules for growing cannabis, setting fees and licensing standards.
Adult Use of Marijuana Act is Approved in 2016Proposition 64 is approved by California voters, legalizing the recreational use of marijuana in the state.
Marijuana Legalization Goes into Effect in 2018After the approval of the Marijuana Act in 2016, weed will be legal in the state of California starting Jan. 1, 2018.

The History of California Lifestyle

California is one of the USA’s most famous states. It’s home to iconic San Francisco and Los Angeles, Napa Valley, Sierra Nevada mountains and Yosemite National Park. Sunny California is also famed for the enviable Californian lifestyle. Take a look at our tips and experiences for living like a ‘Cali’ local.

San Francisco

California has a history of being a lifestyle pioneer. In fact, it was the colorful streets of San Francisco that gave birth to the hippie movement and the subsequent Summer of Love back in the 60s. Use your free time in San Fran to explore the historic sites of Haight Ashbury, taking pit stops in the hipster cafes and craft beer pubs.

The Central Valley

California is the USA’s most organic state. Not only do Californians love to embrace an organic diet, but Californian farmers are responsible for a large majority of the organic produce sold in America.

To get an authentic insight into the industry, visit Salinas Valley to learn about fruit and vegetable production from a Local Specialist, or head to Earthbound Organic Farms in Carmel Valley to take a tour and try out the local produce.

Wine Country

As well as organic, Californians love to keep it local with their wines. To live like a ‘Cali’ local, take a tour of California’s wine country and try out the local varieties on offer.

Create, taste and bottle your own combination of Carignane, Petite Sirah, and Zinfandel on a local family-run winery in Sonoma. Or head down to Napa to get on board the Napa Valley Wine Train for a unique wine-tasting experience.

California Weed Country

Or, enjoy the “high” life by taking a Cannabis-and-Wine Tour or by visiting a dispensary or tasting room. Some Tours will take you to cultivation sites where you can get up close and personal with the plants.

Parks and Other Outdoor Activities

When it comes to all-round well-being, California’s enormous National Parks can feed your body, mind and soul. As well as exercising your legs in the rugged National Parks, take a moment to reflect on your surroundings and take a long deep breath of fresh air. It’s not just the sheer expanse of California’s National Parks that give you a new perspective, but the enormity and beauty of the natural vistas that are around you.

Feel dwarfed by the “Land of Giants” as you walk through the Sequoia National Park, before spending the night stargazing with a naturalist as they take you on a journey through the night sky.

When visiting Yosemite, stay overnight inside the park, allowing more peace and quiet for your short stroll to Yosemite Falls. In Mammoth Lakes, head up into the mountains for a relaxing two-night stay.

Los Angeles

Los Angeles may be famous for the star-spotting and glamorous lifestyle portrayed in the movies, but L.A. dwellers are also extremely active. Californians love to get out into the great outdoors on a hike or bike ride, and L.A. has it all covered.

Are you coming to California? Check out Happy Travelers Tours for a unique and memorable experience in Wine-and-Weed Country!


Sonoma Wine Tasting

Sonoma Wine Tasting

At Happy Travelers Tours we're always looking for some unique spin on the Sonoma County Lifestyle and recently we did some research to compile a list of Sonoma Wineries who still provide complimentary tastings.

While the era of free wine tastings is long-gone in the Napa Valley, and a relatively recent loss in Sonoma County, you can still find a dozen or so places who'll pour you a taste without a fee.

Here's our list of free Sonoma Wine Tasting for your use:

WINERYCOMMENTS
Highway 12You’ll get an informative tasting, with a background of the downtown Sonoma winery and some tips on where to stop afterward.
Merry EdwardsHere, wine education has always been at the forefront. It’s a serious experience with two options. The first is a 15-minute, walk-in friendly tasting of three wines — two Pinots and one Sauvignon Blanc. The second is a sit-down, in-depth tasting that requires an appointment. You’ll taste five wines: Chardonnay, four single-vineyard Pinots and the Sauvignon Blanc. This experience is designed for those who really want to learn more about the history of Russian River Valley and former Winemaker of the Year and winery owner Merry Edwards.
KorbelThe popular California “Champagne” house is one of very few that can call its sparkling wines Champagne. (Rules preventing wines outside of the region of Champagne from using the term came into effect after Korbel was established, and it was grandfathered in to the regulations.) The complimentary tasting is for parties smaller than 10 people without a reservation. You’ll get a free tour of the Russian River Valley property and a four-wine flight. The whole experience takes about 45 minutes.
ColagrossiOwner Craig Colagrossi has a suggested tasting fee of $10. His hope is that you like the wines enough that you buy a bottle, but whether you pay for the tasting is up to you. You’ll sample four or five wines — and if you’re lucky he might also offer you a barrel tasting.
Rodney StrongThe winery offers complimentary tastings of the entry-level wines — the ones sold in grocery stores. Start with a self-guided tour of the winery, then sample two free pours from their Sonoma County wine collection. An upgrade to their estate wines will cost you $15.
Williamson WinesAt the Healdsburg tasting room at 134 Matheson St., you can walk in for a free food and wine pairing before 6 p.m. (For Williamson’s higher-end wines, visit their other tasting room at 18 Matheson St.) This includes five wines and “fridge foods” — cuisine you’d find in your refrigerator, like pickles or peanut butter. Free for groups of six or fewer.
Francis Ford CoppolaFree tastings at the Geyserville mega-winery are offered daily at the main floor tasting bar, however reserving a cabana by the pool will run you up to $235.
BobDogYou’ll glimpse panoramic views on the complimentary tour. Wine pours tend to follow what the owners are feeling, but they mostly vary between vertical tastings (tasting the same wine over different vintages) and a lineup of their Bordeaux-style wines.
J. Rickards WineryThis is the place to go for a full experience in Sonoma. You’ll get a flight of about five wines and a local cheese pairing. There’s also a tour of the vineyard and the option to hang around outside for a picnic. Bring your own or pay for the box lunch. Free for groups of eight or fewer.
Locals Tasting RoomThis co-op tasting room in Geyserville hosts 10 family-owned wineries. They’ll customize a tasting for you depending on what you like or if you’re interested in a particular winery.
Alexander ValleyThe tasting room isn’t fancy, but its outdoor area is a perfect spot to sip and enjoy some afternoon sunshine. Make sure to walk in at 11 a.m. or 2 p.m. for a complimentary cave tour. The free tasting includes your choice of five estate wines. We recommend the rosé of Sangiovese, which is gentle and dry with red cherry and mineral notes. Their Cabernet Franc is a can’t-miss, with full flavors of black cherry, pepper and herb. Free for groups of 10 or fewer.
A. RafanelliThis appointment-only winery is all about exclusivity. The free tasting for parties of six or less comprises of three wines, and it usually includes their Zinfandel and their Cabernet Sauvignon.

Happy Travelers Tours Wine-and-Weed Tour

Another way to taste some wine for free is to join one of our Wine-and-Weed Tours and come on up to the Mountain Top to enjoy wine and cannabis while we talk about the convergence of wine and cannabis and it's impact on the Sonoma County Lifestyle.

Book your Tour today or read about our other itineraries!

 


Marijuana and Moon Rocks

What is Marijuana? What are Moon Rocks? Are they the same?

Marijuana is a mix of dried, shredded leaves and flowers from the marijuana plant. It is often green, brown, or gray.

There are many ways to use marijuana. People can:

Consumption MethodHow To Do It
SmokeRoll marijuana up and smoke it like a cigarette. A marijuana cigarette is called a Joint.
SmokeGround up ‘buds’ can be smoked in a marijuana pipe.
SmokeA Bong is a water pipe device in which smoke passes through a chamber of water when being inhaled, cooling the smoke for a smoother inhalation.
SmokeConcentrate, or “shatter” or “dab” can be smoked via an electronic device called a ‘dab rig’ which vaporizes the concentrate
VapeCannabis concentrates or oils can be ‘vaped’ using small, battery powered, vaporizers
EatCannabis extracts, like canna-butter or cannabis infused oil and vinegars, can be added to recipes. These extracts can be psychoactive THC based or non-psychoactive CBD based.
Gummies, Suckers and Chocolate are just some of the food products available with CBD infusion.
DrinkTHC and CBD-infused beverages are available and range from flavored waters to, home-made, wines

How Does Cannabis Make You Feel?

Marijuana can make you feel silly, relaxed, sleepy, and happy—or nervous and scared. It may change your senses of sight, hearing, and touch. Marijuana can make it hard to think clearly. In rare cases, some people start seeing things that are not real, called hallucinations.

When you smoke weed, you might:

  • get dizzy
  • laugh for no reason
  • have red, bloodshot eyes
  • forget things that just happened

Marijuana makes you feel like time is slowing down. Minutes can feel like hours. At the same time, everyday sights, sounds, and tastes may seem really interesting or funny.

Marijuana can make you feel very hungry. You want to eat lots of junk food. Some people call this "the munchies."

People who smoke marijuana often smell like it afterwards. Marijuana smells sweeter than cigarette smoke. A person might use incense, cologne, or perfume to try to hide the smell.

If you vape, there is almost no odor during consumption and the vapor dissipates almost instantly!

Are They Talking About Marijuana?

Some slang names for marijuana are:

  • Weed
  • Pot
  • Grass
  • Herb
  • Boom
  • Ganja

Moon Rocks, On My!

Moon Rocks. Moon Rock Weed. Moon Rocks Molly. What the heck are people talking about? Moon Rocks isn’t really a strain but more a “mixture” of bud, keif and cannabis oil all combined to create a THC laden “super bud” designed to completely waste your day. Seriously, smoking moonrock marijuana will result in you spending the day staring out the window … even if there isn’t a window around!

Let’s talk about Moon Rocks Molly for a minute; first, it’s not cannabis, it’s MDMA, or “molly” if you’re keeping up on your slang. This drug is still listed as a Schedule 1 controlled substance; it’s not decriminalized and is certainly not for casual consumption.

On the other hand, buying or making Moon Rock weed IS decriminalized and available for recreational use in states where cannabis consumption is legal. From the medical users point of view, smoking moon rock is just a step below smoking a dab, so, in times of extreme pain, smoking moon rock will provide relief, depending on your tolerance levels.

Which brings us to WHO should (or should not) smoke this type of marijuana – this is an extreme THC experience, sorta like the old E Ticket Rides at Disneyland. Cannabis Newbies should not start out by smoking moon rocks; they will feel that they are ‘too high’ and that might not be the experience they’re looking for. Always remember: no matter how high you are at any given time, you will always sober up and lose the high – it just takes some time!

Moon Rocks weed price can vary, but for the most part, it can be pricy.

For more information about Cannabis Strains, read our blog post California Cannabis Strains

To Book a Happy Travelers Tour, visit our Booking page or, for more information about our Tours, visit our Home page!


Marijuana Seeds in my Weed

Marijuana Seeds in my weed, should I try to grow them

Ok, so you found a bagseed. Now what?

Congratulations, you’ve found a seed. More specifically a bagseed, which is what marijuana seeds found in packaged flower are commonly called. Maybe congratulations aren’t quite in order. Depending on where it came from, who you ask, and if the seed is viable or not will affect your level of excitement.

Anyone who has been smoking cannabis for some time has undoubtedly come across a bagseed. Sometimes you’ll notice a cannabis seed when grinding down some flower or you’ll see it pop, spark, and crackle as the heat of your lit bowl pops the precious kernel within.

Bagseed: Good or Bad Weed Seeds – that is the question

If found before lighting it on fire, the first thought from excited smokers is: “Let’s grow some weed!” But before you jump in headfirst, ask yourself a few questions to help decide if it’s worth the time and energy to grow the seed.

Seeds found in finished cannabis flower can develop for a number of reasons. A nearby male plant can accidentally pollinate a flowering female. More commonly, though, they’re a sign of stress and can be attributed to high temperatures during the final stages of flowering or an exaggerated spike in climate or environment.

Seeds can also form in plants with genetic disorders or instability, like hermaphrodites—plants that develop both male and female reproductive parts. Generally these conditions are viewed as negatives, and for that reason alone, temper your expectations with any plants you start from a bagseed.

Is the Cannabis Seed You Found from Good Cannabis?

Sometimes you’ll get lucky and find a mature seed in some really nice herb. Strains like the legendary Chemdog wouldn’t be possible without adventurous smokers planting and proliferating the seeds they found in a bag of kind bud.

So don’t discount your bud just because there’s a seed or two in it. While not ideal, it could be the origins of the next great cannabis strain.

The first and most apparent question you should ask yourself is whether you enjoy the cannabis that the seed turned up in. If you don’t like the flavor, effects, or even the looks of the bud, then it’s probably not worth growing.

The second question you should ask yourself is:

Are You Ready to Grow?

Fear not! If you’re simply curious to learn how cannabis grows and less concerned with the overall outcome, you can plant a couple of bagseeds outside and see what the result are.

However, growing cannabis takes a certain level of commitment. Plants need nurturing for months in the right environment with a close eye for detail. All this takes investment. Whether it’s time, energy, or financial resources, you’ll have to commit to the whole process if you want to produce something you’re proud of.

If you’re ready for a more serious approach, make sure you have the space for a proper garden and pop the seeds to see what fruit they bear.

Is the Weed Seed Viable?

There are a few indicators that will give you a sense of whether the seed is worth germinating. Immature seeds tend to be light in color and have a soft outer shell.

Visual signs like tiger stripes—dark stripes that resemble tiny roots or veins on a leaf—are generally good. A seed with a solid shell will withstand a little pressure when pinched between your fingers. If it crumbles or cracks, the seed will be effectively destroyed, but don’t agonize over your loss.

Stress on a plant and unstable environments can produce bagseeds, and often, a bagseed’s viability is questionable at best.

In some cases, even if a seed isn’t completely mature, there’s still a chance it could be viable. But often these are extremely weak, take long to develop, and express other unfavorable characteristics. Growers usually discard weak plants to free up space in their limited gardens.

You might also find a mature seed that has been physically damaged through poor handling, like rough trimming. In those cases, it probably isn’t worth the effort to try and germinate the seed.

But if the seeds you found look decent or even questionable, you might as well germinate them and see what sprouts.

Time to Germinate

Viable or not, there’s only one sure way to find out. Once you’ve decided you’re going to see what those beans can do, it’s time to germinate. Germination is the incubation period that encourages seeds to sprout and develop into a new plant.

We recommend getting the seed wet and placing into a damp paper towel. Keep the towel slightly moist and wait. Water triggers the seed to start softening the shell and letting the tap root out. Once the tap root is exposed you’re ready to put the seed into a tray and get that sprout turned into a seedling!

Even if your seed sprouts fast and grows vigorously, it has roughly a 50/50 chance of being female and producing seedless, cannabinoid-rich flowers.

Remember, once a seed germinates, the real work begins. Sexing, selecting, vegetative growth, flowering, and the eventual harvest all lie ahead.

So, let’s talk about Marijuana seeds

Cannabis seeds are considered cannabis products just like flower, edibles, and concentrates. Their legality depends on which state you live in. People living in states with adult-use legalization can buy, produce, and sell seeds within their own state, but seeds can’t cross state lines. People living in states with medical legalization can only buy seeds if they have a medical card.

Seed banks exist outside of the US and can sell them for “souvenir purposes,” but it is illegal to bring seeds into the US and Customs will seize any cannabis seeds that they find in packages or on a person.

What’s the Difference Between Regular, Feminized, and Autoflower Seeds?

  • Regular Seeds

If you buy a packet of regular seeds, they’ll come with a mix of males and females. A lot of cultivators prefer to grow these because they haven’t been backcrossed—essentially inbred—as much as feminized or autoflower seeds. You’ll need to sex out the seeds once their reproductive organs show during the flowering phase and discard the males (because they don’t produce buds and will pollenate females, resulting in seeded flowers).

  • Feminized Seeds

Seeds can come feminized, meaning that you can just put them in soil and start growing for buds. These seeds are guaranteed to be bud-producing females, and growing them cuts out the step of having to sex out plants and discard the males.

It also reduces the risk of having a stray male sneak into your crop—just one male can pollinate a huge crop, causing your females to focus their energies on producing seeds instead of buds.

  • Autoflower Seeds

Autoflower plants change from the vegetative to flowering state with age, not the changing of their light cycle. They have a short grow-to-harvest time and can be ready to harvest in as little as 2 ½ to 3 months from when you put the seeds in the ground. The downside is that, typically, they are less potent, but autoflower seeds are great for people who want to grow cannabis but don’t want to spend a lot of time doing it.

You can learn more about Cultivation by reading our Blog Post Cannabis Cultivation Outdoors or you can Book one of our Wine-and-Weed Tours and ask our Cultivators questions!

 


Cannabis Cultivation Outdoors: A Primer

Cannabis cultivation often brings to mind intense-looking lamps and ventilation tubes hanging over a warehouse of vibrant, glowing buds. I’m here to tell you that you can grow and harvest your own marijuana just as easily as one might grow an outdoor tomato plant. Here’s how:

Buy some seeds:

  • Yes, you should probably buy some high quality, feminized seeds from a reputable salesperson, either online or at your local dispensary. You’ll likely want an autoflowering strain for your first go around as well. This ensures that all your efforts will be rewarded with a bountiful harvest instead of accidentally growing a male plant from a seed you found in your uncle’s 30-year old skunkweed that fell behind the couch.

Germinate the seeds:

  • This step is optional but has been proven to give an improved germination rate. The process is simple, submerge the seeds in a cup of water overnight or for a day. A shot glass amount of water will do. After 24 hours you will likely see what is called the taproot emerging from the seed

Plant the seeds:

  • While it sounds obvious enough, what you plant your seeds in actually matters a whole lot. Most people like to start their seeds in what is called a “starter cube”. These cubes can be made of anything from peat moss to a proprietary blend of organic, mycorrhizal materials but the important thing is they have everything baby plants love. You don’t need to worry much about light until the plants’ first “true” leaves appear.

Water:

  • This is something you are going to be doing a lot of as cannabis sucks up water almost as fast as it sucks up sunlight (more on this later). As with any seedling, be careful not to drown your babies before their stems and roots become strong enough to withstand some light flooding.

Transplant:

  • After a few weeks your seedlings will be adolescents and ready for an upgrade to their living situation. You can tell they are ready when roots are bursting from the sides and bottom of their start cube. Transplanting can be stressful for young plants so make sure to take care of their delicate root systems. Luckily with starter cubes there is no old soil or small pot to contend with and you can plop the cube right into a prepared hole. Bury the stem about an inch into the soil for extra root strength and stem support. Now whether you decided to go for the portable, reusable fabric pots or just dug a hole in your yard hoping for the best, soil quality still matters. Ideally buy a bag (or two) of top-quality, organic soil. Brand does not matter so much as the contents of the fertilizer. A good rule of thumb for soil contents is to grow the plant like you would a tomato plant. All successful grows start with quality soil. This is because the plant and soil have a complex relationship that is beyond the scope of this article. Essentially the soil is alive and has a mutually beneficial relationship with whatever is growing in it. In our case, making sure to have healthy, organic soil ensures we have healthy, organic bud come harvest time.

Light:

  • Again, similar to tomatoes. These sexy ladies want all the light you can give them, the more the better. However, there are several considerations to growing outdoors. One may be that you don’t want your neighbors to walk past your prized possessions every day, especially if they are of a more conservative temperament. Another consideration is temperature. Cannabis is generally accepted to have originated in and around modern day Turkmenistan. Geographically it is hot, arid, and dry. That being said, these are not wild plants we’re growing here so let’s use some science to maximize our yield. Try your best to keep the ambient temperature around your plants below 86 degrees Fahrenheit (that’s 30C for our non-American friends). Anything above this will send the plants into a dormant state until temperatures return to tolerable levels. While this may be an awesome survival mechanism for the plant, it means all progress to harvest is effectively halted. Avoid this at all costs. Conversely, anything below 55F (13C) and your plants will be slowly dying. Obviously, avoid this also. Since you are reading this guide to outdoor growing, you are presumably located somewhere that has a Mediterranean climate or at least somewhere with warm and relatively dry summers. Make sure not to jump the gun on germinating your seeds as high-quality cannabis seeds can be worth a pretty penny. Mid to late April is ideal. Keep them growing near a windowsill until around May before taking them to their final home outdoors. The ideal spot is somewhere that gets >12 hours of sunlight each day but does not leave the “green zone” of growing temperatures. This typically occurs around the start of May.

Water some more:

  • A few days after transplanting you can really start to pour it on as by now the roots of the transplanted cannabis will be greedily expanding to fill their new containers. Keep in mind that overwatering can still damage your plants’ root systems and leach soil of the nutrients you just spent your hard earned money on, so what we’re really looking for is a happy medium here. The plants will let you know when they are thirsty. A slight droop in their leaves means it is time to water. Don’t wait too long however, because severe drooping is a sign that the plant is experiencing shock. Multiple shocks over their growth cycle will negatively impact overall health. Another method is the “finger test”. If you poke your finger lightly into the topsoil and it comes out dry then it’s time to water.

Nutrients:

  • This is the category where everyone has a different opinion about the right way to feed their plants and is also often the hill they choose to die on. That being said, people have strong opinions because they are passionate about the topic and no other form of plant care can make or break your crop like feeding time can. This field can also be a rabbit hole of different products being touted as the “miracle treatment” for any grow. It is easy to get sold a bill of goods from some company promising you the world when in reality their product is no more different than that of their competitors. With that, the simplest route is often the best one. Look for a relatively cheap yet still organic-based basic fertilizer. It does not need to be geared specifically towards cannabis cultivation, just your run of the mill basic cultivable crop fertilizer will work wonderfully. Any additional nutrient treatments are nice to have but ultimately only supplement the basic fertilizer. Also remember that adding nutrients can change the chemical makeup of your soil and overdoing it will do more harm than good. Simply follow the dilution and application directions on the box or bottle of whatever fertilizer you end up choosing.

PH stands for Phery Hemportant:

  • Test strips are dirt cheap and can make all the difference in the final outcome of your harvest. PH affects everything from overall yield to the quality of smoke you get from your cured cannabis. Make sure you get a pH control kit to go with your test strips as this will be what allows you to change your tap water pH levels. Most regular tap water is anywhere from pH 6.5 - pH 8.5 so make sure to find out what it is in your local area. Every strain is different but a rule of thumb is to try and shoot for around pH 6 - 7. That’s the slightly acidic level that cannabis loves. Adding nutrients will tend to lower your pH so make sure to check your levels before accidentally giving your babies chemical burns.

Tender Loving Care:

  • This step is a common one to overlook but critically important. Any time you spend in your garden is a social interaction between you and your plants. We’re not out here mechanically harvesting a crop for market. This is a practice of love and mutual understanding between plant and person. As cliche as it sounds, the true secret ingredient to growing unbelievable cannabis is love. Our plants are more aware of their surroundings than we can comprehend and showing them love and affection brings out their best, just like any human. I recommend tending to your plants daily, ideally twice a day; once in the morning and again in the evening. This not only fosters a relationship between you and your plants but also allows ample time to identify problems before they get out of hand. Finding one or two spider mites on a plant is manageable but if you don’t notice an infestation until leaves start to drop from the stem then it’s already too late. Having a close relationship with your plant also adds a nostalgia factor to your harvest when it comes time to enjoy your hard work, and remember: weed wants to be smoked. Human beings and cannabis have a long and storied past, and the plant has spread all over the world thanks to the mutually beneficial relationship we share with one another. I do hope this brief guide provides enough information to get you started on your journey alongside this wonderful, magical and medicinal being. Happy tending.

To Learn More about Growing Cannabis Outdoors Book a seat on our Wine-and-Weed Tour and get up close and personal with weed!


CBD Massage Near Me!

We all know that massages and stretching are good for us and the wear and tear of daily life means sometimes we just need to regain some balance inside and out!

But did you know that adding a CBD oil or cream is the perfect complement to a massage or stretch session?

Just Add CBD To Help You Unwind

Stretching and massage with a high-quality CBD cream feels luxurious for your tired body. It’s also nature’s athletic edge by, resting your muscles, releasing tension, and targeting any temporary, occasional discomfort you’re experiencing!

In fact, more and more spas, assisted stretching spaces and relaxation centers are offering CBD add-ons to their treatments and stores and it’s easy to see why.

Here are some surprising benefits of CBD:

  • World’s Best Moisturizer

If you use a CBD cream that contains hemp oil, you’ll experience the benefit of soft and supple skin. Hemp oil is extremely moisturizing, conditioning, and protects the skin.

  • Targets Temporary, Occasional Discomfort

We all have those common spots of temporary occasional discomfort; CBD works to not only calm and hydrate the body, but it also leaves you feeling refreshed and nurtured, in part by releasing the tension that causes that temporary, occasional discomfort.

  • Reduces Tension & Revives Your Body

By activating the pathways of existing cannabinoid (CB2) receptors in the body, CBD helps to warm your muscles, reduces tension, and leaves you feeling refreshed.

  • Enhances Relaxation

When we feel out overwhelmed, it can be hard to relax. Because CBD facilitates calmness and relaxation, it means you can unwind and be better prepared to keep up with your busy life when your massage session ends.

  • Get Back to Balance

Because CBD promotes positive energy, elevates your mood, and helps you find peace and clarity, you can find balance again and get those bliss molecules pumping!

All of the above benefits combine to allow the body to enjoy a deeper state of relaxation, rejuvenating your body, and allowing you or the therapist to better support those problem areas.

Plus, a daily CBD massage is one of the best ways to decompress after a long day. And if you don’t have access to a center that offers CBD treatments, never fear, just enlist the help of a good friend or loved one, point to where it hurts, and soak up your in-house spa session!

Of course, while the offer of a massage is always glorious, you don’t have to run to a spa in order to reap the benefits—you can give yourself a CBD massage right at home if you have a CBD topical. If you want to massage your calf, for instance, it’s best done with the help of a tool like a rolling pin. Apply the lotion to your desired spot and then roll over it to work away knots. Depending on what muscles are tight, you can try various CBD products to amp up your experience. Consider it the highest form of self-care.

Let's take a deeper dive into what CBD is, how it can be helpful in a wellness plan and what are some of the various CBD supplements on the market.

WHAT IS CBD OIL?

One of the most exciting restorative compounds today, CBD is a cannabinoid, a class of over 100 chemical compounds present in cannabis plants like hemp. Sharing a similar molecular structure to the body’s own cannabinoids, CBD interacts with the body’s native systems to alter the release of neurotransmitters to promote rejuvenation and balance.

Cannabidiol (CBD) oil is a natural, non-psychoactive botanical concentrate extracted from the stalks and seeds of hemp. High in the compound CBD, this exciting type of cannabis oil has become highly sought after in recent years because of its natural wellness and balancing properties.

Once extracted from hemp, CBD oil can be processed into a number of supplements designed to boost the body’s ability to reach and maintain homeostasis.

Since CBD oil comes from low-THC hemp, its natural benefits can be experienced without any psychoactive effects, making it safe and ideal for everyone to use.

WHY IS CBD OIL BENEFICIAL FOR WELLNESS?

When plant-based cannabinoids like CBD are absorbed, they interact with special cannabinoid receptors. Cannabinoid receptors are a crucial element of the body’s endocannabinoid system, a major regulatory network that keeps a wide array of functions and physiological processes in balance and working efficiently.

The wellness and balancing properties of CBD oil can augment the relaxation and restorative work of your massage therapy.

Through its interaction with the body’s native systems, CBD oil products can be used to help achieve wellbeing by promoting proper sleep, appetite, metabolism, immune response, and more.

Plant-derived cannabinoids like CBD mimic the roles of the body’s own endogenous (naturally-occurring) cannabinoids, which allows the compound to stimulate the endocannabinoid system and encourage its efforts to achieve beneficial effects in the body.

Pure CBD hemp oil is also naturally an incredible source of vitamins, omega fatty acids, vitamins, terpenes, and chlorophyll that make it valuable for encouraging radiant and smooth skin.

Here are some CBD Supplements to consider as part of a wellness regime:

ITEMDESCRIPTION
Pure CBD Hemp OilsCBD hemp oil in its most unadulterated form is a thick, viscous oil that contains high levels of CBD (up to 120 mg), as well as the essential vitamins, minerals, fatty acids, and other trace cannabinoids naturally found in hemp.
TincturesFor those interested in a lower potency CBD supplement, CBD tinctures blend our award-winning hemp CBD oil with vegetable glycerine or medium-chain triglyceride (MCT) oil for a thinner consistency and reduced overall strength. Low potency products like tinctures, containing between 1 mg and 10.5 mg per serving, can help your clients maintain a constant level of CBD in their system all day long.
Tinctures can come in flavors like vanilla, cinnamon, and peppermint, in addition to an unflavored option.
LiquidsLiquid supplements combine pure hemp oil with MCT oil for a mid-potency product. This offers the benefits of pure hemp oil with the ease and portability of tinctures. Liquid can also be taken on a spoon and swished in the mouth before swallowing.
CBD CapsulesCBD capsules are an ideal choice for those clients who are already taking daily vitamins and supplements or who are looking for the most convenient way to get their daily CBD.

One last compound to discuss is CBD isolate

CBD Isolate:

Found here in its pure crystalline form, CBD isolate is a fine white powder containing only the CBD chemical compound. CBD isolate is an all-natural product, extracted from the hemp plant and refined down to an incredible purity.

When consumed off a specially-equipped vape pen, CBD isolate can be vaped, allowing the user to inhale the pure CBD vapor. CBD isolate can also be dissolved into vape liquids for a CBD infused-vape.

For oral consumption, CBD Isolate is easily consumed as is, mixed with a carrier oil like coconut oil, or blended into smoothies or other foods and beverages.

To learn more about CBD read our Blog post Let's Take the Mystery Out of CBD Oil. If you'd like to get up-close-and-personal with Cannabis Plants, book a seat on our Wine-and-Weed Tour!

 

 

 


Ways to Smoke Cannabis

There are many way to smoke cannabis, from the traditional joint or pipe through portable battery-powered concentrate vapor pens or weed vape pens and fancy water bongs. In this article we’re gonna talk about them all! We sat down recently to compile a definitive list of marijuana smoking methods and here is what we’ve come up with. Please enjoy!

PIPE

There are many ways to smoke cannabis, but none are perhaps as well-known as smoking a bowl. Learning how to pack and smoke a bowl is a quintessential lesson in cannabis consumption that enthusiasts at every end of the spectrum can benefit from. Whether you’re interested in packing a pipe for a personal smoking session or preparing a bowl for a party, understanding these key fundamental principles will surely help you optimize your bowl smoking experience.

Traditionally, pipes used for tobacco smoking purposes were made out of material such as wood, bamboo, or even ceramics. However, cannabis pipes today are widely made using borosilicate glass, as the medium is incredibly versatile. While most states still widely market glass pipes as tobacco smoking accessories, they can be found in collectable and gift shops (also referred to as “head shops”). You can also find them online, at cannabis events, and even in high-end glass art museums.

To pack and smoke a bowl, you’re going to need a few essential items to get started. Other than your bowl or pipe, you will need some form of heating element. The most basic heating element available is a lighter. Traditional butane lighters work well, though there is a myriad of non-butane heating elements out there to choose from. The most effective lighters and heaters will allow for optimal heating control when combusting and/or vaporizing a bowl.

Many consumers prefer to light their bowls with hemp wick, a waxy piece of hemp string that ignites easily, maintains an even burn, and doesn’t give off an undesirable aftertaste. Another heating element used often is a glass wand that can be heated to a point where it will vaporize your herb on contact, eliminating combustion smoke altogether while still delivering cannabinoids and flavor through a lighter hit.

Another factor to consider is whether or not to use a screen for your pipe. Screens can help keep you from inhaling burning bits of cannabis, but if you don’t have a pack of pipe screens, here are a few nifty tricks to consider:

ITEMDESCRIPTION
Wire or PaperclipTwist it into a small coil and place it the bottom of your pipe bowl
Faucet Head ScreenPlace it in the bottom of your bowl
RockUse a small, dry rock approximately the diameter of your bowl
DO NOT USE* Aluminum Foil
* A Soda Can
* A Window Screen
- these can be coated with materials which are dangerous to inhale

Preparing cannabis for smoking a bowl is essential in order to maximize airflow through your device and deliver the most even smoke possible. In order to do this, herb is a crucial step. Doing this creates a homogenous airflow through the bowl where smoke can pass through evenly.

There are a few tricks to packing a pipe that will help to maximize airflow:

ITEMDESCRIPTION
1. Ensure that your weed is evenly broken down but not too finely ground. Hand pulling your herb is the most basic way to do this, but grinders make this process much easier. There are many ways to break your cannabis down, so don’t be afraid to get creative.
2. Use a stem and/or a nice-sized intact calyx to stuff at the very bottom of your bowl to prevent particulates from passing though. You can also use a screen if you have one available. This will also facilitate better airflow.
3. Pack your herb very lightly at the bottom and slightly denser at the top for an even smoke.This allows the cannabis towards the top to maintain a burn, or “cherry” while opening airflow for easy inhalation without any clogging.

For everybody first learning how to smoke a pipe, there are a few pieces of etiquette to follow that will help ensure you have the best possible experience. When engaging in a smoking session with others, make sure that you pack a bowl that’s proportional to the size of your smoking circle. For an intimate session, packing personal bowls or “snaps” is great when alone or with one other person. This way, you take turns lighting personally packed micro bowls meant to be consumed in one single hit. For larger groups, heavier packed “party bowls” ensure each smoking buddy gets a fresh hit of green herb.

Traditionally, the provider of the cannabis will determine who gets to light the first hit. To make sure everyone gets the same experience, make sure to corner your bowl by only lighting a fraction of the visible cannabis. This lets everyone get the same great flavor without leaving an ashy hit for somebody. If the bowl is already lit, feel free to pass it, but let your passing buddy know the bowl is “cherried.” Lastly, never pocket a lighter. Everybody hates a light thief!

With these tips in mind, smoking a bowl should be a walk in the park. Always remember to use proper etiquette when packing a bowl for friends, and make sure you are consuming cannabis in a safe and legal place. Otherwise, pack a fat one, call some friends, and have at it!

BONG

bong (also water pipebillybing, or moof) is a filtration device generally used for smoking cannabis, tobacco, or other herbal substances. In the bong shown in the photo, the gas flows from the lower port on the left to the upper port on the right.

In construction and function a bong is similar to a hookah, except smaller and especially more portable. A bong may be constructed from any air- and water-tight vessel by adding a bowl and stem apparatus (or slide) which guides air downward to below water level whence it bubbles upward ("bubbler") during use. To get fresh air into the bong and harvest the last remaining smoke, a hole known as the "carburetor", "carb", "choke", "bink", "rush", "shotty", "kick hole", or simply "hole", somewhere on the lower part of the bong above water level, is first kept covered during the smoking process, then opened to allow the smoke to be drawn into the respiratory system. On bongs without such a hole, the bowl and stem are removed to allow air from the hole that holds the stem.

Bongs have been in use by the Hmong, in Laos and Thailand, and all over Africa for centuries. One of the earliest recorded uses of the word in the West is in the McFarland Thai-English Dictionary, published in 1944, which describes one of the meanings of bong in the Thai language as, "a bamboo waterpipe for smoking kancha, tree, hashish, or the hemp-plant." A January 1971 issue of the Marijuana Review also used the term.

JOINT/ROLLING WEED

jointspliffjayboofdoinkreefer, or doobie, is a rolled cannabis cigarette. Unlike commercial tobacco cigarettes, joints are ordinarily hand-rolled by the user with rolling papers, though in some cases they are machine-rolled Rolling papers are the most common rolling medium in industrialized countries; however, brown paper, cigarettes or beedies with the tobacco removed, receipts, and newspaper can also be used, particularly in developing countries. Modern papers are manufactured in a range of sizes from a wide variety of materials including rice, hemp, and flax, and are also available in other flavored varieties.

Smoking Legal WeedA joint can vary in size, typically containing between 0.25 to 1 g (184 to 128 oz) net weight of cannabis. Tobacco may or may not be used in the rolling process.

To help you hone your own craft, we’ve prepared a simple seven-step guide on the easiest way to roll a joint, even for beginners.

Begin by gathering your rolling supplies:

  • Cannabis strain of your choice
  • Rolling papers
  • Crutch (for the joint crutch or filter)
  • Cannabis grinder
  • Optional: A pen, or a similarly shaped object to help pack the joint
STEPITEMDESCRIPTION
STEP 1Grind the CannabisBreak down your cannabis into shake. If your cannabis is dried well, it should break down easily. A grinder keeps your hand from getting sticky and thus sticking to the joint paper. If you don’t have a grinder, you can grind the herb down by hand, using scissors, or any number of other breakdown methods.
STEP 2Create Joint Crutch/FilterMake a crutch, also called a tip or filter. You can make a crutch out of just about anything, but thin cardboard or business cards are solid go-tos. A lot of joint papers also include crutch material with their packaging. Start with a few “accordion” folds at the end of the cardboard, then roll the material to the desired thickness of your joint. The crutch isn’t absolutely necessary, but it does help keep the shake from falling out of the end or into your mouth as you smoke. It also adds some stability to the joint and allows you to enjoy every bit of cannabis without burning your fingertips.
STEP 3Fill Joint with CannabisFill the paper with the shake and the crutch (if you’ve made one). Once the paper has the right amount of shake (a half gram to a gram usually does the trick), you can begin to form and shape the joint with your fingers. (A quick note on papers: There are a lot of different types and flavors of joint papers available. Many people prefer hemp papers because they tend to be thin but strong, and burn evenly without affecting the flavor of the cannabis.)
STEP 4Pack the JointOnce you’ve loaded and shaped your joint, it’s time to roll it. Pinch the paper between your fingertips and roll it back and forth between them to pack the cannabis down into its final shape.
STEP 5Roll the JointThis step can make or break the quality of your joint. Tuck the unglued side of the paper into the roll and use the glued edge to tack down one end of the paper, using just a little bit of moisture. (Pro tip: Start with the crutch side because it can help guide the paper as it rolls around itself.) Once the paper is tacked on one end, you can work your way down the rest of the seam by tucking and sealing the joint from end to end.
STEP 6Finish Your JointFinally, pack the end of the joint to help ensure an even burn. A pen is great, but you can use just about anything. Some good options if you’re on the go: the tip of your shoelace, the drawstring on your hoodie, or a small stick. If you’re not planning on sparking your joint right away, you may want to close the tip with a twist.
STEP 7Enjoy!There are limitless ways to roll a joint. You can roll them big or small. Get creative! Some people have even transformed joint rolling into an art all on its own, rolling their cannabis into a unique mix of functional origami.

Concentrate Vape Pen vs Weed Vape Pen

Concentrate vaping is rapidly gaining in popularity, ever since laws regarding medical marijuana have become more lenient and some states in the US actually allow patients to get marijuana legally. Others have gone even further, such as Alaska, Colorado, and California, legalizing marijuana for recreational use. All of this has boosted the use of herbal concentrates, also called dabs by the community (dab is defined as a small portion of something, hence the terms dab vaping and dab vaporizer pens) and, in the process, encouraged vape manufacturers to focus on producing quality dab pens, paying special attention to wax pens.

Benefits of Concentrate Vaping

Why concentrate vaping?

That’s a fair question. There are dozens of great dry herb vaporizers on the market. For the most part, they are affordable and practical, so why would you want to switch from them? To answer that question, let’s take a quick look at the overall benefits of herbal concentrate vaping:

  • A more potent vape
  • Intensive flavor
  • More discreet vape

Increased Potency

As the name implies, concentrates are more powerful than run-of-the-mill dry herb vaporizers because more active ingredients are packed in a smaller amount used for vaping. This is a huge benefit to medical marijuana users who need to inhale (or ingest) larger quantities that are prescribed by their doctor. It’s also not half bad for recreational users who want a better hit.

Generally, there are four types of concentrates (or dabs), each with a varying potency. They are shatter, crumble, budder, and wax. In addition to differing potency, they will also vary in flavor and consistency.

  • Shatter– the most potent type of concentrate with up to 80% purity. Shatter is glass-like and will break into pieces if not handled carefully. Since it’s solid, handling shatter is pretty easy – you just break off a little piece and place it into an atomizer or a heating chamber of your concentrate vaping pen and you’re good to go.
  • Crumble– similar to shatter, crumble is also glass-like, although a bit more sticky. It’s easy to handle but not as potent as shatter.
  • Budder– budder resembles peanut butter, meaning that it’s more malleable than shatter or crumble. This also makes it a bit more difficult to handle so you usually can’t do it by hand – it needs to be done with a small, pincer-like dab tool. Budder is made differently from crumble and shatter and contains more terpenes (flavor-rich compounds) so it’s also more flavorsome. However, what it makes up in flavor it lacks in potency.
  • Wax – wax is probably the most popular entry on this list because it’s the easiest one to get and it’s the most affordable. Wax concentrate needs to be handled with a dab tool since it has a slightly runny consistency and it tends to stick to everything. Potency-wise, it’s the weakest out of four (generally around 60% purity, which is not bad but it’s nowhere near the 80% for shatter) but makes up for that by being extremely flavorsome.

Intensive Flavor

While flavor varies dramatically with the type of botanical extract you choose to use, it’s safe to say that concentrate vaping beats both smoking and dry herb vaping in that department. That’s because the flavor is concentrated and undiluted. When you’re smoking, a lot of other burning chemicals get in the way of pure flavor and color it. If you’re big on it, this purity of flavor is a benefit of concentrate vaping you’re definitely going to like.

Quick and Discreet Vape

Sometimes you just don’t have the time to go through that whole song and dance of rolling your doobie and then smoking it. Other times you just want to do it as low-key as possible. Vapor emanating from a wax pen is almost inconspicuous (not completely, of course) – it doesn’t stick to your clothes and it won’t smell up your house. Load up your vape pen, take a quick hit, and go your merry way without anyone being any wiser.

Types of Concentrate Vaporizers (Desktop, Dab Pens & More)

We can generally categorize concentrate vaporizers in four distinct groups: desktop concentrate vaporizers, e-rigs (e-nails), portable non-pens, and vape pens. Users, and the industry, are slowly moving predominantly towards concentrate vape pens but other gear also has its merits so will touch briefly on it.

Desktop Concentrate Vaporizers

These are very similar to all the other desktop vaporizers on the market. They are not portable and are larger than other types. Used primarily for group vaping sessions, desktop concentrate vaporizers can be corded (more common) or battery powered. The vapor is usually collected into a balloon and then inhaled from it. Alternatively, it can be inhaled through a tube (called a whip) directly from the unit.

E-rigs (E-nails)

Vapor from a concentrate tastes that much better when it’s cooled to a proper temperature. Small, portable e-rigs enable you to do just that. They are usually battery-powered and have a small titanium nail on which the concentrate is placed. The nail heats up rapidly, vaporizing the concentrate and delivering vapor through a water attachment, where it’s cooled, allowing for deeper, more satisfying puffs.

Portable Non-pens

If you’re not a big fan of vape pens and everything that comes with them – atomizers, wicks, and coils which can make use slightly complicated – you can opt for a non-pen portable vaping device. These portables use an ingenious skillet design for easier vaping. You simply place a dab of your concentrate on the skillet, which heats up when activated. The vapor is then inhaled through a whip. As far as these devices are concerned, their biggest pro is the fact that they can fit more concentrate and be used by more than one person, despite being small and portable.

Concentrate Vape Pens

Concentrate vape pens, such as dab vaporizer pens and wax vaporizer pens, are by far the most common way to inhale evaporated botanical extract. In essence, they are very similar to other vaping pens used for dry herbs and e-liquids, with a few minor adjustments made to the atomizer.

They are portable and battery-powered so you can vape on the go. Since this is a concentrate vaping device you’re most likely to end up buying, we’ll go into them in a bit more detail so you get an idea of your options and various pros and cons.

Anatomy of a Concentrate Vape Pen
Here’s a quick rundown of concentrate vape pen parts and different styles and functions.

Battery

All vape pen batteries are designed for a single purpose – to power your vape. While there are differences in colors, capacity (800mAh, 1200mAh, 2000mAh, and so on), and advanced functionality, their principal purpose remains the same, regardless of the brand or the manufacturer. Most internal vape pen batteries are Lithium-Ion batteries because they are the safest and hold the charge best. They are usually fitted with a 510 thread connection so they can be used with various atomizers.

Depending on the brand, the battery will deliver either single pre-set temperature or be capable of delivering variable charge and allow for temperature control. Temp control batteries will have a small knob on the bottom, allowing you to choose a temperature between 350 C – 430 C. This is a great feature because not all botanical extract have the same evaporation point. A temp control unit allows you to vape different types of concentrates with a single setup.

Different Types of Concentrate Vape Pen Atomizers

What’s an atomizer?

An atomizer is a piece of your vaporizer that contains the heating element. It’s also where you put your concentrate – it can be placed directly onto the heating element or in a flat plate above it.

There’s a difference between the two approaches. The first approach uses the conduction method of heating. The concentrate is heated up quickly and evaporates faster, resulting in a stronger hit. However, if a flat plate is used then the concentrate doesn’t touch the heating element. The heating method used there is called convection heating – hot air heats the concentrate resulting in a more even vape.

Conduction atomizers (the ones where the concentrate comes into direct contact with the heating element) are further divided into:

  • Wicked – usually used for highly viscous concentrates such as wax, these atomizers have an absorptive fiber running through the coils (usually silica), which absorbs the wax that’s then heated, creating a flavorful, consistent draw.
  • Wickless – these atomizers have a ceramic or quartz rod running through the coils. They are used by vapers looking for a clean, powerful hit but will also burn through your concentrate that much faster.

As mentioned, if you’re into convection heating (no direct contact with the heating elements), you can get a vape pen with a ceramic or quartz dish onto which the concentrate is placed. Your concentrate will burn slower (so there’s a lower chance for a burnt taste) and will generally last longer.

Mouthpiece

The last (but essential) piece of your wax vape pen – or any other vape pen – is the mouthpiece. What do you do with it? Well, you suck on it, of course! It transports the vapor from the heating chamber into your mouth. A mouthpiece is usually made from heat-resistant plastic, glass, or ceramic, although it can be metal. Mouthpieces can be narrow or wide, long or short. It will depend on your preference. Do you want warmer vapor and a bit of a throat hit? Go with a short, narrow mouthpiece. If you prefer colder vapor, a wide bore mouthpiece will suit you better.

Concentrate Vaping in a Nutshell

As you can see, concentrate vaping is not as complicated as you might have believed. This guide gives you all the essential information to make an informed decision when buying your first wax vape pen. Just keep in mind that a lot of it will come down to your vaping style and personal preferences. However, there’s no denying that concentrate vaping has a lot of benefits:

  • Better, more powerful hits
  • More intense flavor
  • Ability to stealth vape

When it comes to ease of use, portability, and functionality, one cannabis product stands tall above the rest. You may know them as pre-loaded cannabis oil vape cartridges, hash oil vape pens, or even disposable wax pens. These relatively new and exciting devices have permeated the cannabis concentrate market over the last several years, quickly becoming the go-to concentrate-based product for both the novice and accustomed cannabis fans.

However, when it comes to choosing the right pre-loaded disposable pen, various factors stand in the way of making a decision. Although many of these products seem aesthetically similar at first glance, there are many nuances that distinguish them from one another.

Understanding the differences between these disposable pens can help you make an educated decision on which product is right for your consumption.

Why Choose a Pre-Filled Oil Vape Cartridge?

If you’re new to pre-filled oil vape cartridges, there are many benefits to using them compared to a weed vape pen. Here is a list of those benefits:

Ease of Use

Deciding to use a pre-filled cannabis oil vape cartridge takes the guesswork completely out of the equation. Contrary to other methods of using hash oil such as a dab rig and nail setup, or even manual portable vape pens which require self-loading, pre-filled “carts” require little to no effort whatsoever. At most, these products may require you to press a button to inhale. In fact, most of the time you don’t even have to worry about the battery life—many products are designed so that charging the battery isn’t even necessary.

Portability

Pre-filled oil vape carts are the easiest method of enjoying hash oil while on the go. Their sleek and minimalist design allows for discreet vaping, free of the distracting qualities that larger setups or raw cannabis products may carry (such as noticeable smoke or odor).

Dosing

For uninitiated cannabis concentrate users, dosing can be a major concern. Nobody wants an overwhelming experience when attempting to enjoy cannabis oil products responsibly. Unlike dabbing, using a pre-loaded vape pen allows for a highly controlled dose with each inhalation. This gives the user full autonomy of how much or little to consume.

The Types of Pre-Filled Cartridges Available

Familiarize yourself with the many types of pre-filled oil vape cartridges on the market so you can purchase the one that best fits your needs or preferences.

Cartridge/Battery Combos vs. Disposables

When choosing a pre-filled vape pen, there are several hardware options. Some products are offered in tanks that typically come formatted with a 510 threaded standard vaporizer battery insert. These tanks can fit on any battery that contains the 510 threading, and nowadays almost all battery tanks come in this format. The exception to this is when you purchase pre-loaded tanks designed by companies to fit their personalized batteries. An example would be the PAX Era Pods, which are designed to be used with their vaporizer/battery systems.

Alternatively, many pre-loaded vape pens are available as “disposables,” containing a pre-charged battery designed to support the device until the tank empties. These pen varieties require no charging and are meant to be disposed of after use. They contain no threading and are not meant to be separated from their battery.

Distillate Cartridges vs. CO2

For a vaporizer cartridge to function properly, its contents must have the proper viscosity. Otherwise, the oils with either be too thick or too thin to be able to vaporize within the device. Depending on the starting material used, cartridge manufacturers utilize several methods in order to create the perfect oil for their pens.

CO2 Oil: Certain high grade winterized CO2 oils are uniquely compatible with vaporizer cartridges due to the fact that they do not require additives of any kind to meet the viscosity levels needed to vaporize in an atomizer. If made properly, these oils are able to retain modest levels of plant based terpenes, which act as natural thinning agents as well as give the oils their signature strain-specific flavors.

Distillates:  A cannabis distillate is a highly refined oil containing pure cannabinoids and almost nothing else. The upside to using distillates in vaporizer cartridges is that the oil can be produced from a range of starting materials. Virtually any hash oil variety from CO2 to BHO and everything in between can be purified into a distillate with the right hardware. The downside to using distillates in vaporizer cartridges is that because there are no residual terpenes left behind, there is nothing to cut the viscosity of the material. In order for a distillate to be used for cartridges, a thinning agent of some kind is often required.

Additives: Additives are sometimes used in vape cartridge oils as a supplemental thinning agent. In some cases, methods have been taken to “cut” or infuse various hash oils with certain substances such as polyethylene glycol (PEG), propylene glycol (PG), vegetable glycerin (VG), or even medium chain triglycerides (MCT) such as coconut oil in order to maintain a less viscous and lasting oil consistency conducive to standard atomizer functionality. This process has become highly controversial due to raised health concerns and products containing these thinning agents are showing up less on the market as of late.

One way that vaporizer cartridge manufacturers have been able to steer away from artificial cutting agents is by using terpenes.

Terpene Infusions and Strain-Specific Flavorings

The use of terpenes has been found to help lower the viscosity of hash oil as well as increase flavor and aromatics, making them a potentially safer alternative to other cutting agents. Terpenes not only add flavor and aromatics to the experience, they can also help alter the effects or a product due to their ability to influence how cannabinoids interact with our system.

There are several ways to use terpenes with pre-filled vaporizer cartridges. First, some manufactures rely on CO2 based extractions which when refined by use of ethanol can actually retain plant based terpenes at a percentage conducive to achieving proper viscosity. This is how manufacturers are able to sell flavors based on natural strain profiles. Furthermore, natural cannabis derived terpenes profiles that have been fractioned through refinement can be re-added to hash oils in small percentages, creating a natural spectrum of flavor and effect while also giving an oil the correct consistency required to function in a cartridge.

On the other hand, food-grade terpene flavorings are arguably the most prevalent as well as the lowest quality additives used in cartridges. Terpenes can not only be found all over nature (cannabis included), but can also be synthesized in a lab.

Take d-limonene for example, a popular terpene additive that is found in some cannabis varietals. Many manufacturers use food-grade d-limonene as the sole flavoring additive for their pre-loaded cartridges. Although this helps to cut the viscosity of the oil as well as offer a mild flavor enhancement, infusions such as this tend to be one-dimensional and offer little to nothing in enhancing experience to the user.

When shopping for cartridges, oftentimes these types of pens will be labeled as “lemon/lime”-flavored to represent this additive being used. Many other food-grade terpenes are used in this respect, which is why it’s important to check with your budtender and read labels carefully when buying terpene-infused cartridges.

Products Labeled by Effect

Many times, pre-filled oil vape cartridges are labeled and marketed by their supposed effect on the user. Products of this variety tend to claim they provide “relaxing” or “energetic” effects, with some often being labeled as indica, sativa, or even hybrid. When infused into a product, these terpene combinations are designed to give effects similar to what you would find in particular cannabis strains.

Whether they’re infused with food-grade terpenes or naturally-derived terpenes extracted from cannabis strains, many of these products incorporate carefully mixed combinations similar to what would be traced in a strain or strain type. How well these infusions imitate the strain varieties they mimic is debatable; however, products with terpene combinations tend to give a more enhanced experience than a similar product containing one or no terpenes.

Cannabinoid-Specific Cartridges

Although many hash oil pen varieties are labeled by flavor or effect, some focus on cannabinoid concentration. Aside from the typical high-THC product that most pens offer, there are some manufacturers that offer products containing elevated levels of cannabidiol (CBD).

High-CBD pens may or may not contain added flavorings, but they do guarantee a ratio of THC to CBD that can range from 2:1 all the way to 20:1 and greater. These types of pens offer great medicinal value to those looking for CBD in an easy-to-consume product.

Full-Spectrum Cartridges

The pinnacle of pre-loaded oil cartridges in terms of overall quality rests with full-spectrum extracts. These products are created using the entire spectrum of bioavailable molecules found within a given cannabis strain. A full-spectrum oil does not add, reintroduce, or remove any active compound within a strain and offers a flavor and effect far superior and multidimensional to most competitors.

Pre-filled full-spectrum cartridges are hard to come by and are only offered in certain markets; their price tends to reflect their rarity as well. If you’re fortunate enough to live in a market where these products are available, it’s highly recommended to fork up the extra cash to give one a shot. In terms of strain comparability, the flavor on a full-spectrum cart is incredibly similar to what you would experience in a strain.

To learn more about ways to smoke cannabis take a Happy Travelers Tour! Book Now!


California Marijuana Strains

California marijuana plants are the beneficiaries of a geography that favors outdoor grows and the Golden State has championed some of the world’s finest cannabis strain genetics. OG Kush crosses flourish throughout the state, and today you’d be hard-pressed to find a strain that hasn’t been crossed with this illustrious hybrid.

California has always been a center for counterculture, and the California cannabis movement is no exception. This heritage lives on to this day, in the amazingly diverse selection of high quality California herbal remedies and weed strains. When it comes to California and weed, it’s well known that California bud is some of the best legal weed in the world. Long Live California ganja!

Blue Dream - Hybrid

  • The Blue Dream weed strain has a sweet berry smell and is a favorite for patients with pain, nauseousness and depression. This particular strain is a combination of indica (Blueberry) and sativa (Haze). Users can expect cerebral stimulation and thought-provoking conversations, but Blue Dream provides physical relaxation too. Consumers often say that Blue Dream gives them relief without drowsy side effects. The mild, reliable effects give gentle physical relief and mental stimulation.

Girl Scout - Hybrid

  • This California native has sprinted its way to fame in recent years, gobbling up awards left and right for its potency. Itself a descendent of OG Kush, GSC (a.ka. Girl Scout Cookies)is given an extra sativa lift from a Durban Poison parent. In masterful balance of soaring euphoria and deeply relaxing physical effects, it’s no wonder that GSC ranks #2 in the California market.

Sour Diesel – Sativa

  • Sour Diesel, also sometimes known as “Sour D,” is a sativa dominant California marijuana strains blended with about 10% of indica. This strain is about 26% THC –– a relatively high concentration –– so it is an ideal strain for experienced cannabis users. Because of its heavy sativa consistency, the Sour Diesel cannabis strain is all about mental stimulation. Many users report using this particular strain to handle depression, anxiety, and to counteract exhaustion. Sour Diesel is a great California marijuana strain for boosting energy. For that reason, many choose to smoke this California cannabis strain before a period of intense activity. In terms of flavor and aroma, sour diesel is a weed strain that is definitely unique. Many consumers report a smooth smoking experience, with a slight citrusy taste, like a lemon or lime. This is where the “sour” term in the name originates from. As for diesel, that’s all about the smell. This strain has a powerful smell, so it might not be the best for discrete usage.

OG Kush – Hybrid

  • OG Kush, the flagship strain of California genetics, ranks #4 among its top strains. Reviewing this list, however, you’ll notice many of the forerunners are bred using OG Kush genetics. Countless other hybrids not mentioned here also contain OG genetics, so much so that you can attach “OG” to the end of almost any strain name and assume that some California breeder has already made it. OG Kush phenotypes are also marketed under a variety of monikers, many of which play off celebrity names and pop culture references.

Green Crack – Sativa

  • People in California love this stimulating sativa for its ability to relieve stress and fatigue while helping one focus, particularly during the day. Green Crack comes from Skunk #1 and an Afghani strain, and the flowers smell and taste like sweet, tangy fruit.

Jack Herer – Sativa

  • Jack Herer is the tried-and-true sativa you’d expect to find on any market’s top 13 list. Beautifully crafted genetics from Sensi Seeds give way to a balanced effect profile that promotes happiness, creativity, and an uplifting sense of energy. The name of the game with this California marijuana strain is balance. If you like being lucid with a mellow high, then Jack Herer might be the perfect California marijuana strain for you. While the origins of this strain are not entirely clear, many find this type of California weed strain excellent for depression.

Skywalker OG – Hybrid

  • Skywalker OG is a potent, pungent blend of OG Kush and Skywalker, and it has a famously earthy, sweet citrus flavor that's helped make it one of the most popular marijuana strains in California. This hybrid has a strong aroma of spicy herbs and diesel fuel and is known for providing pain relief.

Bubba Kush – Indica

  • An indica-dominant cross of (supposedly) Northern Lights and either an Afghani or OG Kush hybrid, Bubba Kush produces bulky flower buds that have a pungent aroma. It has a sweet, earthy taste and offers powerfully calming effects over body and mind alike. Bubba Kush has roots in California, so it’s not hard to imagine how this powerhouse indica carved a name for itself since its inception in the 90s. Earthy sweet aromas introduce tranquilizing mind and body effects, making this strain a perfect companion for lazy day relaxation or for a smooth transition into a restful night’s sleep.

Fire OG – Hybrid

  • The predominant OG family has another prestigious strain in California, and its name is Fire OG. A cross of different OG Kush phenotypes, Fire OG takes on a fiery appearance with vibrant orange hair stretching out from a bed of crystal resin.

San Fernando Valley OG – Hybrid

  • This California creation is one of the most popular strains of cannabis in the state, and its crystal-covered flowers are coveted for their ability to relieve pain without intense sedative effects. SFV (for San Fernando Valley) OG is a potent, sativa-dominant phenotype of the legendary OG Kush, and it offers earthy flavors of wood, lemons, and pine.

Granddaddy Purple - Indica

  • A product of cannabis classics Big Bud and Purple Urkle, Granddaddy Purple is one of the most popular marijuana strains in California. It's a potent indica that induces a relaxing body buzz and has the sweet flavor of mixed berries and grapes.

Gelato - Hybrid

  • One of the most popular marijuana strains in California is Gelato (AKA “Larry Bird”) which is a powerful blend of Thin Mint Girl Scout Cookies and Sunset Sherbet. Gelato is known for its fruity aroma and a sweet taste of berries, as well as its ability to relax the body while stimulating one's mind.

Jet Fuel - Hybrid

  • Jet Fuel is a sativa-dominant hybrid. It’s an excellent strain for blasting off with some incredibly creative thoughts, especially for experienced smokers. It’s a great strain to use right when you wake up in the morning to get ready for the day. Jet Fuel is also great for late nights. It’s heavy odor and piney flavor make it more skunky than the average weed strain on this list. Keep that in mind if you’re trying to be discreet. Many users report feeling relief from chronic pain and depression while using Jet Fuel.

California Cannabis and Effects

STRAIN & EFFECTCREATIVEENERGETICEUPHORICFOCUSEDHAPPYHUNGRYRELAXEDSLEEPYUPLIFTED
BLUE DREAMXXXXX
GIRL SCOUT COOKIEXXXXX
SOUR DIESELXXXXX
OK KUSHXXXXX
GREEN CRACKXXXXX
JACK HERERXXXXX
SKYWALKER OGXXXXX
BUBBA KUSHXXXXX
FIRE OGXXXXX
SFV OGXXXXX
GRANDDADDY PURPLEXXXXX
GELATOXXXXX
JET FUELXXXXX

If you want to get up-close-and-personal with California Cannabis Plants then Book a Happy Travelers Tour today!


Where is Weed Legal Now?

Here at Happy Travelers Tours we get asked this question frequently: “Is weed legal in California now?” and, of course, the answer is yes. However, we thought about it a bit more and started to ask ourselves, well, where IS weed legal in the United States now?

The winds of change are blowing

Who would have thought that 33 states would legalize either medical or recreational marijuana in our lifetimes? With the possibility of the entire country following in the footsteps of Canada perhaps one day we will see a shining sea of green growing from coast to coast!

Chart of States with legal weed

Below is our chart of States with legal weed, sorted by frequently searched questions. So, you might want to know is marijuana legal in Texas, or is weed legal in Nevada and now, all you have to do is check out our legal weed chart.

QuestionStateIs Medical Marijuana LegalIs Recreational Cannabis Legal
is marijuana legal in alaskaAKYesYes
is weed legal in alaskaAKYesYes
is pot legal in alabamaALNoNo
is weed legal in arkansasARYesNo
is marijuana legal in arkansasARYesNo
is weed legal in arizonaAZYesNo
is marijuana legal in arizonaAZYesNo
is pot legal in arizonaAZYesNo
is weed legal in californiaCAYesYes
is marijuana legal in californiaCAYesYes
is pot legal in californiaCAYesYes
is recreational weed legal in californiaCAYesYes
is weed legal in california nowCAYesYes
is weed legal in californiaCAYesYes
is recreational marijuana legal in californiaCAYesYes
is marijuana legal in california nowCAYesYes
is weed legal in california for recreational useCAYesYes
is marijuana recreational in californiaCAYesYes
is marijuana legal in coloradoCOYesYes
is pot legal in coloradoCOYesYes
is weed legal in connecticutCTYesNo
is weed legal in dcDCYesYes
is weed legal in washington dcDCYesYes
is marijuana legal in dcDCYesYes
is marijuana legal in washington dcDCYesYes
is pot legal in dcDCYesYes
is recreational weed legal in dcDCYesYes
is pot legal in washington dcDCYesYes
is weed legal in delawareDEYesNo
is weed legal in floridaFLYesNo
is weed legal in georgiaGANoNo
is marijuana legal in georgiaGANoNo
is medical marijuana legal in georgiaGANoNo
is weed legal in hawaiiHIYesYes
is marijuana legal in hawaiiHIYesYes
is pot legal in hawaiiHIYesYes
is weed legal in iowaIANoNo
is weed legal in idahoIDNoNo
is marijuana legal in idahoIDNoNo
is marijuana legal in illinoisILNoNo
is weed legal in illinoisILNoNo
is weed legal in chicagoILNoNo
is weed legal in indianaINNoNo
is marijuana legal in indianaINNoNo
is marijuana legal in kansasKSNoNo
is marijuana legal in kentuckyKYNoNo
is weed legal in kentuckyKYNoNo
is weed legal in louisianaLAYesNo
is marijuana legal in louisianaLAYesNo
is weed legal in new orleansLAYesNo
is marijuana legal in massachusettsMAYesYes
is weed legal in bostonMAYesYes
is weed legal in massMAYesYes
is marijuana legal in marylandMDYesNo
is weed legal in marylandMDYesNo
is weed legal in maineMEYesYes
is marijuana legal in maineMEYesYes
is weed legal in michiganMIYesYes
is marijuana legal in michiganMIYesYes
is weed legal in minnesotaMNYesNo
is marijuana legal in minnesotaMNYesNo
is weed legal in missouriMOYesNo
is marijuana legal in missouriMOYesNo
is marijuana legal in mississippiMSNoNo
is marijuana legal in montanaMTYesNo
is marijuana legal in montanaMTYesNo
is marijuana legal in north carolinaNCNoNo
is weed legal in north carolinaNCNoNo
is medical marijuana legal in north carolinaNCNoNo
is weed legal in ncNCNoNo
is medical weed legal in ncNCNoNo
is weed legal in north dakotaNDYesNo
is pot legal in nebraskaNENoNo
is marijuana legal in new hampshireNHYesNo
is weed legal in new hampshireNHYesNo
is marijuana legal in new jerseyNJYesNo
is weed legal in new jerseyNJYesNo
is marijuana legal in new mexicoNMYesNo
is weed legal in new mexicoNMYesNo
is marijuana legal in nevadaNVYesYes
is weed legal in nevadaNVYesYes
is weed legal in las vegasNVYesYes
is marijuana legal in las vegasNVYesYes
is weed legal in vegasNVYesYes
is recreational weed legal in nevadaNVYesYes
is pot legal in las vegasNVYesYes
is weed legal in new yorkNYYesNo
is weed legal in ohioOHYesNo
is marijuana legal in ohioOHYesNo
is medical marijuana legal in ohioOHYesNo
is medical weed legal in ohioOHYesNo
is weed legal in oklahomaOKYesNo
is weed legal in oregonORYesYes
is marijuana legal in oregonORYesYes
is pot legal in oregonORYesYes
is recreational weed legal in oregonORYesYes
is weed legal in paPAYesNo
is marijuana legal in pennsylvaniaPAYesNo
is weed legal in rhode islandRIYesNo
is weed legal in south carolinaSCNoNo
is marijuana legal in south carolinaSCNoNo
is weed legal in scSCNoNo
is cannabis legal in south dakotaSDNoNo
is marijuana legal in tennesseeTNNoNo
is weed legal in tennesseeTNNoNo
is weed legal in texasTXNoNo
is marijuana legal in texasTXNoNo
is pot legal in texasTXNoNo
is weed legal in utahUTYesNo
is marijuana legal in utahUTYesNo
is cannabis legal in virginiaVANoNo
is marijuana legal in virginiaVANoNo
is medical marijuana legal in virginiaVANoNo
is weed legal in vermontVTYesYes
is marijuana legal in vermontVTYesYes
is weed legal in washingtonWAYesYes
is marijuana legal in washingtonWAYesYes
is weed legal in seattleWAYesYes
is marijuana legal in washington stateWAYesYes
is weed legal in washington stateWAYesYes
is pot legal in washingtonWAYesYes
is weed legal in wisconsinWINoNo
is marijuana legal in wisconsinWINoNo
is marijuana legal in west virginiaWVYesNo
is weed legal in wyomingWYNoNo

If you want to get up-close-and-personal with cannabis plants and cannabis culture book a Happy Travelers Wine-and-Weed Tour today!


Sonoma County – an amazing place for Wine, Beer and Cannabis Tours

Most of us here at Happy Travelers Tours are Sonoma County born and raised and, as such, we have deep and well-established relationships with many of the folks in the Sonoma County Cannabis Industry. Taking a Happy Travelers Tours Wine-and-Weed Tour will put you up-close-and-personal with cannabis plants and the professionals who grow them.

Sonoma County is in Northern California

It's known for the Sonoma Valley wine region, as well as other notable winemaking areas such as the Dry Creek and Alexander valleys. It’s also home to countless Cannabis Grows and a burgeoning legal weed industry. The city of Sonoma is home to the 19th-century Mission San Francisco Solano and the central, colonial-era Sonoma Plaza. Near Glen Ellen, Jack London State Historic Park contains the gravesite and cottage of the American author, plus many trails.

In Sonoma County, there’s always a way to connect with the land. And with each other. Just 45 minutes north of San Francisco you can discover one of California’s top food and wine destinations. Hike among towering redwoods, cruise along rugged Pacific coastline and get to know inviting small towns. Or, just sit back and toke it all in. Life opens up in Sonoma County. Let us show you!

Northern Sonoma County

Do you want to spend an entire day in the Dry Creek Valley Wine Regional and Appellation, or maybe another of Sonoma County's 18 wine regions?

Perhaps you’re interested in visiting wineries, no matter the location, known for great Pinot Noir. Perhaps you’re looking for some locally produced Sonoma County Marijuana.

In general, a touring company specialist will listen to what you want and carefully and put together a tour that matches your desires. Give Happy Travelers Tours a call at 707-386-9859 and book one of our cannabis friendly Tours!

Southern Sonoma County

All of Sonoma County thrives on diversity however Southern Sonoma County seems to have just a bit more, from world-class wineries, breweries and cannabis grows to gourmet cheese makers and a world class race track.

The main grape growing regions here are Sonoma Valley and Carneros, where great Chardonnay, Pinot Noir, and various other varieties happily grow in the rolling vineyards.

The Sonoma Valley, including Moon Mountain and Mount Veeder, are known for their microclimates affects on the cannabis strains grown there. One day, the Sonoma Valley Cannabis appellation will be visible on packages of marijuana grown in this region.

Plan plenty of extra time for the lively wineries of Southern Sonoma County. Ledson Winery in Kenwood pours rich wines in a nightmare vision of a 17th century Castle, and Keller Estate Winery in Petaluma leverages the cooling breezes from the Petaluma Gap to make structured, elegant wines. Head over to the Lagunitas Petaluma Brewery for brewery tours and on-tap beers. While you’re in Petaluma, make an appointment for a tour of the Achadinha Cheese Company, or look for their farmstead cheeses at many local restaurants and farmers markets.

When you’re in the Sonoma Valley, book a Cannabis Tour with Happy Travelers Tours and visit a 1 acre mountain top cannabis grow where you can get up-close-and-personal with marijuana plants.

Sonoma County

Only 30 miles north of San Francisco’s Golden Gate Bridge, Sonoma County beckons the adventurous and the curious with more than 420 friendly wineries, farm-to-table restaurants, 40 spas, rivers to kayak or float down, Cannabis Tours, redwood forests to explore, boutiques and galleries that entice, and hiking and biking trails that meander over oak-covered hills.

With a mild Mediterranean climate, there is no bad time to visit Sonoma County. It’s a magical state of mind, a historic legacy, a leader in sustainable tourism, a home to California's beginnings, a mecca for the senses and a pastoral slice of paradise. The “sun grow” (or outdoor) cannabis season runs from late April to late October.

Come on up and take a tour, learn about the convergence of wine and weed and enjoying getting to know more about cannabis. You’ll learn the similarities between the process of growing wine grapes and outdoor cannabis flower.

You'll have a visit with a mobile retailer who’ll explain about the wide variety of cannabis products available. You’ll be able to browse and purchase items.

Sonoma County has no shortage of interesting things to do and see; tour companies offer everything from typical wine tasting tours, bird-watching excursions, guided nature walks and spa experiences. Now, thanks to Prop. 64, tourists and locals alike can add cannabis tours to their itineraries.

Just imagine the amazing experience of pairing fine wine and primo northern California cannabis in a fantastic adventure, in beautiful Sonoma Wine-and-Weed Country!